What is Public Administration

What is Public Administration?

Public administration is an area through which the leaders serve societies to develop the common good and positive change. It strives to illustrate how decisions within the government and administration of the projects are made to carry out such decisions. Public administration professionals are equipped with the necessary skills to administrate all government levels (federal, local, and state” and non-profit organizations. Public administration is chiefly concerned with the service provisions and the administration of public programs. It has to perform with establishing policies through general government, and the discipline itself can address numerous issues within the community. New public administration is regularly considered as comprising some accountabilities for establishing the programs and policies of governments. Indeed, it is planning, directing, organizing, controlling, and coordinating of the government operations. Public administration is a characteristic of all countries. Across countries, public administration is adopted at central, local, and intermediate levels. Most of the international highly trained establishment of administrative, directive, or executive classes has made public administration a unique profession. Although day-to-day public administrators’ accountabilities tend to differ highly on the kind of organization they devote, the regular thread amidst the public administrators is undoubtedly an intense commitment to serving their societies and leading to the general enhancement.

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Within its embryonic stage, public administration was chiefly involved in controlling group action and molding behaviors. With time passage, individuals opted to live in groups which led to the community emergency. Community living involved different issues which necessitated joint resolution for the sustenance of order and peace. Across the years, public administration has acquired immense significance since the administrative state’s emergence. Its roles both the socialists and capitalist states have attained manifold. It is an instrument not solely for safeguarding and restraining but also promoting and fostering. According to Hennau (2020), public administration has advanced more systematic inquiry structures concerning the public organization behavior substance, public policy execution, and general management. In the contemporary world, the ancient and behavioral positions within strategic management are in numerous ways submissive. Nevertheless, both places are fundamentally correct. They acknowledge the significance of categorization and observation and the center of the theory as a suitable approach to express reality and guide action.

From the behavioralist’s and traditionalists’ positions 30 years ago, public administration has developed into a field celebrating a substantial theoretical richness. It progresses to be fashionable to disclose that there is no political administration dichotomy as if such a statement uncovers a unique insight (Hennau, 2020). As models of political regulation of bureaucracy denote, unbundling administration and politics is vital to comprehending how politics regulates bureaucracy and how bureaucracy impacts policy and politics. Thus, it is unwise to approach the public administration subject on the assumption that administration and politics are more or less similar.

Public administration has been less effective in formulating models in the positivist, scientific logic. Such failure cannot be attributed to poor attempts, not with sustained projects, including the decision theory, newly advancing behavioral models, and rational choice theory explicitly focused on this objective. The parsimonious theories, for instance, tend to have comparatively weak descriptive potentials; models with strong descriptive possibilities struggle to conform to such strengths in predictive and parsimony capacity (Hennau, 2020). Regardless of the endless search for an administration search, there is a lack of an administrative equivalent to the gravity or motion laws. In public administration, there are two perceptions of theory. The first offered an intellectual anchor through postmodernism is of a discipline in the challenge, struggling to structure itself and repeatedly failing to locate much traction (Hennau, 2020). The second involves the intellectual area involved within a healthy introspection, not linked to any paradigmatic dogma, constantly experiencing fresh strategies, and commencing to create original approaches to pondering its study arena.

Public administration has highly adapted to the global risk system. According to Kozakov et al. (2021), since the commencement of 2008-2009, the sustainability paradigm of public administration has been progressively explored purposely to research competitive values, models, and management within the sphere of politics. The new general management principles are complemented through the adaptation paradigm and flexibility to attain the public administrative system sustainability (Kozakov et al., 2021). The novel idea of public administration is interdisciplinary and incorporates strategies to administration borrowed from the model of organization, joined-up government, anti-crisis administration, and Network governance. The prevailing conceptual theory of adaptation system to the international dangers offers the integration of adaptation paradigm and resilience within the public management (Kozakov et al., 2021). However, the public administration philosophy in various countries evidences obstacles to the opportunities adaptations because of the poor interagency links at diverse government levels, low accountability, and responsibility.

Both public administration and organizational theory contribute a lot to prescribing the accurate dose. In their study, Charbonneau et al. (2020) aimed at establishing whether the task in generic administration journals is self-specific or generic researches remain the culture. Since the initiation of the public administration field, scholars have strained with queries associated with the public institutions’ “publicness.” Charbonneau et al. (2020), in their study, focused their attention on the samples adopted through the authors of the articles, backing up a deeper comprehension of the present state of organizational researches scholarship. Their findings propose that a predilection for private or public samples persists, and that such preference is greatly dependent on the disciplinary journal through which the researches were published.

Public administration reseachers have devoted considerable attention to comprehension of how managers can improve the performance in organizations. Sowa and Lu (2017) in their study examined the association of public administration study to the research  of policy process and public policy. Commencing with a research review of the public management, Sowa & Lu (2017), uncovered that management and policy theoretical traditions have developed in parallel fashion, providing various vantage points on how stakeholders and actors coalitions impact governance objectives and the manner in which administrators translate the objectives into actions. Policy process study has tended to emphasize on policy design, policy change and structural influences over time via feedaback. Relating policy designs to the results, performance tend to be defined widely as how management conforms to the policy notions in shaping outcomes. In the space of the policy directives, the managers embrace their institutions deliberately to the environmental situations to enhance performance.

Public administration faces numerous challenges during this era of COVID-19. According to Frederickson et al. (2018), the persisting COVID-19 period is among the prime critical crises within the recent human history and possibly the prime precarious one. The entire universe and all sectors including public administration have been impacted. Linked to the social economic effects tends to be similar or likely more critical such as economic depression, risk of landing into an extreme poverty, closed schools, increasing unemployment, hunger, limiting social contacts and deteriorating public services.  Additionally, COVID-19 has affected the landscape in which public administration operates. Intensively working from home structures within the pubic administration tends to mean that usual oversight levels of the public officers activities is lowered. Staff tend to be dislinked from their agency. Lack of effective management tends to have adverse impacts, most of which tends to be amplified when a portion of a group or team is working remotely. Some of these adverse effects include productivity reduction, inconsistent strategies, poor judgment, reduced collaboration and decreased successful oversight in association to the significant decisions.  The present levels of economic and social inequality both locally and globally have become untenable and the present pandemic solely strengthens these inequalities

Conclusively, Public administration is concerned with the services necessities and the administration of public programs. It is a common feature across all countries and has been embraced at central, local and intermediate levels. Across the years, public administration has attained great significance since the administrative state emerged. Currently, the ancient and behavioral positions within the strategic management are in numerous ways submissive. From the behavioralists and traditionalists positions, the public administration has advanced to a field celebrating a substantial theoretical richness. Public administration persists successful in formulating models in the positivist, scientific logic. The sustainability paradigm of public administration has been continuously explored purposely to research competitive values, models and management within the sphere of politics. Most of the researchers in public administration have devoted considerable attention to comprehension of how managers can enhance the performance in organizations. Some of the challenges that public administration experiences during the COVID-19 era include; economic depression, risk of landing into an extreme poverty, closed schools, hunger, limiting social contacts, deteriorating public services and increasing unemployment. With the progressive varying and advancing surrounding and accelerating developing public administration scope and government, it is vital that job structures, roles and city managers change anticipations and change.



Frederickson, H. G., Smith, K. B., Larimer, C. W., & Licari, M. J. (2018). The public administration theory primer. Routledge.

Hennau, S. (2020). The Relationship between Politics and Administration at the Flemish Local Level: Intermunicipal Differences Explained. NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy13(2), 141-160.

Kozakov, V., Kovalenko, N., Golub, V., Kozyrieva, N., Shchur, N., & Shoiko, V. (2021). ADAPTATION OF THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM TO GLOBAL RISKS. Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences24(2), 1-8.

Charbonneau, É., Bromberg, D., & Henderson, A. C. (2020). Public Administration and Organizational Theory: Prescribing the Proper Dose. Public Organization Review20(1), 63-78.

Sowa, J. E., & Lu, J. (2017). Policy and management: Considering public management and its relationship to policy studies. Policy Studies Journal45(1), 74-100.

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