Research designs and descriptions



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Table of Contents

Purpose of articles. 2

Research designs and descriptions. 2

Critiquing research designs. 2

Data collection method. 2

Sampling method. 2

Analytical methods. 2

Limitation and conclusion. 2

Reference List 3




Purpose of the articles

According to (Hyde et al. 2005), the paper primarily attempts to propose an introductory analysis of how the role designing in the NHS (National health service), UK has been conducted and how that helps to effectively develop employment relations. The effective development of credible role-designing is something that is conducted something that would effectively improve the overall development of the employment relationships have been effectively conducted and that would effectively highlight the implications of the same. The article paper (Hutchison, 2009) conducts with an effective purpose to conduct a comprehensive analysis on how effective it is on a degree to which similarity within schools or educational system have amongst a similar group. This similarity amongst the group and their proper sectioning based on their similarity would increase the quality of the survey process and that alone would allow the schools to have the ability to effectively use the resources and information while ensuring that there is a nominal disturbance to the schools. The structural aspect of education and how it is executed is what the peer-reviewed article has attempted to achieve and how important it is to have the similarity factor is also a relevant purpose of researching the paper.

Research designs and descriptions

To integrate the different components of the study, especially in a very cohesive and legible manner, the study considers certain designs and outlining framework so that the research problems are effectively addressed. The overall data collection, the data measurement and the complete analysis would get to have a blueprint when the research design is effectively implemented and integrated into the study. The peer-reviewed article paper (Hutchison, 2009) had considered the aspect of exploratory research design where the research process is conducted to clarify the actual nature of the problems that need to be addressed. Since there are little data on the overall aspect of how group similarity in schools or even communities could increase the usability of the resources and how the institute experiences nominal disturbances, the informal and unstructured research process has been helpful after all. The article paper (Hyde et al. 2005) considers an independent evaluation of 12-month duration where the developmental case study design has been approached by the researcher in this case. The use of secondary data analysis has been also considered to ensure semi-structured observations and the observation is consistent at five different case study sites, something that had helped the overall data to effectively get improved.

Critiquing research designs

The exploratory research design of (Hutchison, 2009) has been effective however, it has developed a certain sense of complications, where the interpretation of the qualitative data has been extremely complicated and often times the information collected from the qualitative data have found to be judgemental and biased. The involvement of the smaller sample has also certain problems since it could possibly interpret accurate results for the overall development of effective results or findings and outcomes that could be effective for the overall research. The aspect of generating results for the generalising population could not be done since the smaller sample has restricted all the aspects accordingly. The developmental research design considered in (Hyde et al. 2005) also has certain good and bad aspects. The criticism for this particular choice of research designs lies in the fact that the aspect of ethical complications is quite consistent. The aspect of considering the informed consent process is not frequent something that does put this specific research design under the telescope of criticism. The aspect of the case study also provides poor visibility something that creates a certain sense of complications, while the absence of testing environments is something that needs to be in considerations and required to be in effect as well.

Data collection method

The data collection method is how the data is measured and observed and then collected for an effective analysis of the research areas, to effectively conduct the understanding of how to have necessary outcomes, accordingly (Hutchison, 2009). Use of different data collection method such as the questionnaire, survey, interviews or even focused group discussion are often conducted to ensure that the data is effectively collected and have a consistency in it and also a certain sense of relevance to it, something that would potentially contribute to the overall improvement of analysis and the outcomes. The peer-reviewed article paper (Hutchison, 2009) has considered 13 studies at both primary and secondary level NFER (National Foundation for Educational Research) had previously conducted in the UK and Wales. The paper has therefore considered secondary data for the research to have consistently an effective analysis of the research areas and the objectives that are to find the relevance of group similarity within schools (Hutchison, 2009). The paper (Hyde et al. 2005) has considered developmental case study design as something that has been only secondary data and with that semi-structured interview have also been implicated and observational studies have also been implemented to effectively analyse the case studies at five different case study sites. The developmental case study had allowed the study to follow through with the information from the case study and then slowly conduct the research process while ensuring that there is enough clarification throughout for the research problems to get effectively addressed and that all the objectives are duly met (Hyde et al. 2005).

Sampling method

The sample indicates the group of people that are generally taken from the larger population and is implicated in the overall research process and that sample is generally representative of the entire population and the results are usually generated with the involvement of the sample. Generalising the entire result or research findings from the sample to the entire population as a whole is generally the motive behind the concept of having a sample, to begin with. The article (Hyde et al. 2005) had considered five case studies and that suggests that the sample is 5 unless there are different sampling sizes under each case study which has not been the case, resulting in only sample size 5. The case study considerations have been conducted with the aspect of observational analysis. The study had also considered semi-structured interviews and that does indicate that the use of both qualitative and quantitative data have been considered. The article paper (Hutchison, 2009) has considered 13 previous studies both primary and secondary levels, and that means that the sample size for this paper is 13. All 13 papers have been conducted by the National Foundation for Educational research that has been conducted in England and Wales (Hutchison, 2009).

Analytical methods

The analytical method in research suggests that how the qualitative and quantitative data determination is conducted effectively ad how that also allows the overall aspect of data to get effectively managed by the concentration of compound techniques or even methods. This analytical method allows the data and sample to get effectively modelled and also allows the data to get effectively outlined, something that allows the overall analysis to get effectively done and conducted without any sorts of inconveniences. Some of the most effective analytical methods are regression, grouping and multiple equation method. The present article paper both (Hyde et al. 2005) and (Hutchison, 2009) have considered grouping method where the aspect of observation is meaningfully classified into different sections and that does lead to the aspect of cluster analysis where similar sorts of data are grouped and they are grouped together for the researcher’s convenience and to make sure that everything is effectively managed and credibly taken café of (Hutchison, 2009). The overall data analysis has become much more convenient and the aspect of consistency had increased to a great extent based on the aspect of analytical methods that have been considered by both the papers and something that does lead to the development of an effective understanding of how to implement and analyse the analytical method to ensure that all the necessary outcomes are effectively managed (Hyde et al. 2005).

Limitation and conclusion

The article paper (Hyde et al. 2005) has considerable limitations where the involvement of just one initiative in the NHS has definitely created a certain sense of research limitations, especially in the aspect of conducting the evaluation of the development programs. The suggestion of the implications are generally conducted for the role-design and the research only relates to the NHS organisation which has also been limiting study overall (Hyde et al. 2005). Four types of changes have been discovered in the job content and each change has found to be having implications for employment relations especially in terms of the aspect of remuneration, accountability and management, education and training and overall development. The paper (Hutchison, 2009) has found an intra-cluster correlation for each topic category that has been identified and recognised by the researcher. The conclusion has been generated on the degree of clustering where the use of Hox’s convention has been considered for the overall size of intra-cluster correlations, and the ethnic and language variable was found to be quite high and were found to be highly clustered in secondary and not necessarily in primary (Hutchison, 2009). The values of school policies perceptions and the educationally relevant home characteristics have been found to be seemingly low.

Reference List

Hutchison, D. (2009) ‘Designing your sample efficiently: clustering effects in education surveys’, EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, 51(1), pp. 109–126.

Hyde, P., McBride, A., Young, R. and Walshe, K. (2005), “Role redesign: new ways of working in the NHS”, Personnel Review, Vol. 34 No. 6, pp. 697-712.





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