Primary marker of social and economic stratification


Gender inequality has been in existence since time immemorial. Gender is considered to be the primary marker of social and economic stratification. Due to this, it has led to significant exclusion in almost all fields. There are still systematic gender differences in material well-being regardless of one’s socioeconomic class. Gender inequality is the bias treatment of members affiliated with a particular gender due to perceptions that they are inferior to others. Inequality in America is mainly associated with women. The women, in most instances, are given lesser responsibilities in the majority of the areas. Some of these areas may include but are not limited to education, employment, and politics.  Some people may argue that gender inequality has reduced in the United States courtesy of activism and political advances. But the bottom line is that inequality is still rampant in the United States in the education sector, political participation, and the workplace. This essay is intended for the political elites and other activists that have tried to sensitize the general public that gender differences have been reduced in these particular areas in the United States of America. But the big question is, why is it there in the first place? Should gender differences be an issue in the world’s superpower?  The fact that it is still in existence means that women are still not recognized. The political elites and the activists who think otherwise are only trying to sugarcoat the whole issue for known and unknown reasons.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Primary marker of social and economic stratification
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

Research done revealed that approximately one in five employed women in the United States say that they have been sexually harassed at work.  The research revealed that more than 22% of employed women had been a subject of sexual harassment compared to a mere 7% compared to men.  On the same issue of employment, companies should create a gender-balanced board of directors. But in the real sense, the companies that have accomplished this particular setup have had to pay for it. According to the journal organizational science, it was revealed that the firms that had implemented the gender-balanced boards tend to suffer market penalties (Fuhrmans, 379-380). In other words, the market, in general, does not appreciate the fact that a board with women can deliver. The companies that were initially doing well before the gender diversity suffered a decrease in market value after the initiative (Fuhrmans, 379-380). Similarly, the research revealed that the firms that openly stated their stand on the commitments to diversity suffered a decline in the firm value (Bertay et al.; 12-16). The reason for this is associated with the general view of women’s representation. The research clearly explained this scenario citing that “The level of female representation on a firm’s board may send a negative signal to the market regarding a firm’s commitment to shareholder value maximization if it is perceived as being motivated by a desire for diversity” (Parks, 377-381). The general interpretation to this is that there is the general stereotype that females are less competent than their male counterparts as far as business is concerned.

Additionally, there are cultural biases in the workplaces, which lead to disparities. These disparities are in most cases directed to women, which come at a great disadvantage. The disadvantage on women is regardless of their ages, education, and social background. Women tend to be judged more harshly than men in the same positions even if they stand a chance of being equally or more competent. Such disparities are well displayed in the pay, whereby women are at a disadvantage of receiving lower pay than men across all occupations.  The earnings harder affect the ethnicities and races, whereby the African Americans and the Latino women are most affected by earning the lowest pay.  A study done on gender inequality revealed that even though there was an increase in the gender representation of both genders, women were not equally represented in the top managerial positions (Bertay et al.; 12-16). Surprisingly, given a chance to be in the topmost position, their pay tends to be less than that of men in similar positions. Therefore, this means that women are not wholly integrated into society, and their roles are stereotyped and directed elsewhere.

There have been excuses aligned to the reasons as to why such is the case. The research established that women did not get the top positions due to the conditions that they give. For instance, those who argue that there is no problem with gender inequality cite that women give conditions that make it hard for them to work in such positions. Among them is that women prefer jobs with conducive working conditions, normal working hours, and a surety of security. Such are the things that do not bother men as such and hence tend to take risks of taking the topmost positions in the organizations. Research revealed that 42%of women in the united states who have been in employment cited that they have been subjected to some form of gender discrimination (Bertay et al.; 12-16). Among the alleged discriminations were that women were being treated in a manner that suggested they were incompetent. They cited that they did not receive enough support from the leaders of the opposite sex in the senior positions.

On the other hand, it is believed that the gender inequalities experienced in education and at the workplaces result from the relationship back at home. In most cases, men are seen as the head of the family, often regarded as the providers. Way before civilization, women were confined in the houses with kitchen chores. From this kind of thinking, it still becomes hard for them to be assimilated into male-dominated occupations.  The major stereotype is that men ought to be assertive, self-oriented, and dominating. On the other hand, women are perceived as nurturing, friendly, emotional, and extremely passive (Benzil et al., 5-7).  For such reasons, in the same category as men, women tend to be paid less because, from the word go, they are perceived as being the weaker sex. In cases where married women work, they must later attend to the family matters and hence might not get enough rest which could compromise the decisions they make in the workplaces.

With the current pandemic of coronavirus, there have been massive layoffs in different organizations across the world. By April 2020, the pandemic nearly shut down the American economy, upon which research revealed that female unemployment was higher than that of men (England, Andrew, and Emma, 6995-96).  The term gender has eventually evolved in America from the concept of simply male and female, and boys and girls. Gender has evolved to include transgender. The transgender group of people similarly have had their share in facing violence, prejudice, and inequality in the same measure. Transgender has had issues in the workplace, education institutions, and anywhere else where opportunities and rights should be accorded. Transgender, African Americans, and Latinos have been discriminated against in hospitals, schools, and even property ownership (Alon et al., 2-6). These particular groups of people still stand higher chances of police brutality than other groups.  Regardless, the number of women venturing into white-collar jobs has tremendously increased. This translates to the fact that women are attending schools and achieving as much as men could achieve. Unfortunately, this is not felt across the board, especially in areas where African Americans are concerned compared to other racial groups (Dang and Cuong Viet Nguyen, 105296).

In conclusion, the reason why there are many civil rights movements, activists, and feminists groups in the United States is that there is no commonality between women and men in all sectors. In any case, if there were enough recognition in institutions and the working places, there would be no such things as the civil rights and feminist campaigns.  The campaigns of anti-slavery died with the death of the slave trade and slavery altogether. Such would be the case in gender inequality if all factors were held constant.  The United States has demonstrated great improvement in the professional and education sectors as far as incorporating both genders is concerned. However, there is still gender inequality in various sectors like earnings, promotions, and the general roles given to women compared to those given to men.


Works cited

Alon, Titan M., et al. The impact of COVID-19 on gender equality. No. w26947. National Bureau of economic research, 2020.

Benzil, Deborah L., et al. “Toward an understanding of sexual harassment in neurosurgery.” Journal of neurosurgery 1.aop (2020): 1-10.

Betray, Ata Can, Ljubica Dordevic, and Can Sever. “Gender inequality and economic growth: evidence from industry-level data.” (2020).

Dang, Hai-Anh H., and Cuong Viet Nguyen. “Gender inequality during the COVID-19 pandemic: Income, expenditure, savings, and job loss.” World Development 140 (2021): 105296.

England, Paula, Andrew Levine, and Emma Mishel. “Progress toward gender equality in the United States has slowed or stalled.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117.13 (2020): 6990-6997.

Fuhrmans, Vanessa. “Where are all the women CEOs.” The Wall Street Journal (2020).

Parks, Beth. “Why Aren’t More Theories Named After Women? Teaching Women’s History in Physics.” The Physics Teacher 58.6 (2020): 377-381.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]