Practical Peer Reviewed Research Papers



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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction/purpose of article. 2
  2. Description of the Research design/Strategies. 2
  3. Critique of the Research Design. 2
  4. Data Collection Methods. 3
  5. Sampling. 3
  6. Analytical Methods. 3
  7. Limitations and Conclusion. 4
  8. Reference List 5
  9. Appendices. 6

Appendix 1: Leadership behaviour dimensions. 6

Appendix 2: Respondent characteristics. 7




1. Introduction/purpose of the article

According to (Greene et al. 2008), the purpose of this article is to efficiently explore all the response rate benefits and with that, the overall effective analysis of the same would also be required. The aspect of data limitations especially in the mixing telephone and then the overall development of the web-survey modes, in terms of the health-related research study, the aspect of the study is conducted with that purpose. To ensure that there is a clear comprehension of the telephone survey and the mixed-mode aspect of the same. The journal article (Holmberg et al. 2008) is conducted with the purpose of investigating the roles that the leadership positions duly play and how important the role-playing is and these roles of the leadership styles in terms of the implementation style of evidence-based treatments methods are also why the article has been executed. The leadership styles in the overall implementation of the evidence-based practices are solely conducted in the context of drug abuses and all sorts of criminal behavioural developments. It solely aims at comprehending the understanding of how the aspect of leadership styles and different kinds of leadership styles could possibly help improve all sorts of drug abuses and criminal behavioural developments along with the effectiveness of the implementation.

2. Description of the Research design/Strategies

The research design suggests the overall strategy that has been implemented by the researcher in the process of conducting the research and outlining the concept in order to reach its research objectives, efficiently. The logical plan that needs to be implicated in any sorts of research is the actual framework of how the entire research has been carried it after all. The article (Holmberg et al. 2008) implemented a correlational research design, meaning that two variables have been identified and then the relationship between the two have been recognised for an effective understanding while making sure that the researcher is not controlling either of the variables, at all. The overall aims are t credibly recognise if there are any sorts of positive correlation where the aspect of the variable changing in the same direction is a common phenomenon, or even recognising zero correlation where there is visibly no relationship between the identified variables and then also to find out the negative correlation where the changes of the variables occur in the opposite direction. In the article (Greene et al. 2008), the research design had followed the randomized experimental design where the aspect of randomly grouping the subjects, 751 have been selected and all of them had previously conducted a web survey making the mixed-mode of research much more effective in the present research.

3. Critique of the Research Design

The aspect of consistently using the correlational research designs have been something that has been considerably conducted with the effective deliberation of no conclusion. Therefore, not being able to draw any sorts of the conclusion is something that has been considerably recognised as one of the limitations of implying the correlational study design. In terms of the casual relationship amongst the previously measured variable have also been something where the aspect of drawing conclusions is also something that has been restricted and has been highly criticised time and again in terms of the research process overall. Randomized experimental designs have also certain aspects that have also been the topic of discussion and criticism, for instance that it does not suit or feels appropriate for any large numbers of subjects or even the objects since the randomized subjects become equally way too large and something that does lead to the developments of an overall manifestation of blocks that also equally contain considerable variability and that becomes a major issue in conducting the research process overall.

4. Data Collection Methods

The peer-reviewed article (Greene et al. 2008), has conducted quantitative data analysis method where they had implemented mixed-mode something that is completely different than the mixed-method. In that mixed-mode process, the researcher implicates the aspect of web survey and as well as the telephone survey. With the involvement of the randomized experimental designs, 751 subjects have been managed and they have been convinced to participate in a health-related telephone survey to collect the quantitative data. It is important to note that before attending the telephone survey, they have also completed the web-survey and something that has been a considerable way of collecting quantitative data using the mixed-mode- both telephone and as well as the web. Article (Holmberg et al. 2008) considered data triangulation approach to collect data from the different sources especially in terms of the qualitative data where the prepared questionnaire has been provided to the 112 personnel for the researcher to collect effectively some qualitative data and then conducting the data analysis credibly to meet the research objectives/purposes and also create a conceptual understanding of the research topic that has been undertaken by the researcher.

5. Sampling

Using mail questionnaire, 119 personnel have been considered as the sample size for the (Holmberg et al. 2008). Using the mail, the questionnaire has been forwarded to all the mentioned personnel and out of which the response rate has been 40 percent response rate and the interview process has been conducted with 65 employees along with the managers. The aspect of observation and feedback workshops have been considered in this case to make sure that all the aspects of data are duly collected from the mentioned sample by the researcher. The article (Greene et al. 2008) used 751 salaried employees as the subject to effectively conduct the survey. The entire health related survey has been conducted with the involvements of the telephone mode. However for the aspect of non-respondents, there has been a follow-up that has been conducted with web follows up to ensure that the ensured sample is credibly able to put their responses effectively and is being credibly managed and created with the involvement of the both sorts of the modes, web and as well as the telephones. The entire sampling has bene decided with the randomized experimental designs where the sample blocks have been randomly grouped and then experimentally, they have been surveyed to have a variable in the collected data.

6. Analytical Methods

Analytically, article (Greene et al. 2008) considered a mixed-mode process where the data collection has been conducted using both the web and as well as the telephone mode to effectively collect all the relevant data where the survey response rates have found to be significantly higher with the mixed-mode survey. With just being exclusively a web mode would or even the telephone would have restricted the data collection. However, with the aspects of mixed-mode process, the consistency in that data collection has been credibly conducted with the analytical choice if the researcher after all. The article (Holmberg et al. 2008) considered analytically a randomised experimental technique to sort of in away randomize their subjects and then 112 personnel have been surveyed with the aspects of mail questionnaire, something that had helped with the overall development pf the research proves effectively. The aspect of collecting qualitative data have also been conducted with the involvement of interviews that have bene conducted with 65 employees and the managers where the aspect of observations and as well as the feedbacks have been considered to make sure that everything is credibly manged and analytically conducted for effective outcomes.

7. Limitations and Conclusion

The article (Greene et al. 2008) and their mixed mode telephone/ web survey result suggest that the response rates are significantly boosted with the developments of both of these methods over just one exclusive method after all. However, there has been some limitations that have noticed in the process of conducting the data analysis and that is telephone respondents were only providing socially desirable responses and therefore the accuracy and consistency in the collected data were questionable and its respondents were providing missing responses and sometimes they did not even answer especially in scenario where the questions for instance did not relate to their personal scenario or their personal lifestyles. The article (Holmberg et al. 2008) suggests that the responses form te personnel have indicated how the behaviour of their immediate leaders have moulded and sort of influenced their perception of how they viewed their organisational environment and its innovative climate. With the interviews of the mangers, it has been revealed that they are providing space, time and even the aspects of opportunity to ensure that the staffs are able to perform their tasks. However, with the use of correlational studies, the aspect of not being able to draws any conclusions have created a limitation.



8. Reference List

Greene, J., Speizer, H. and Wiitala, W., 2008. Telephone and web: mixed‐mode challenge. Health services research43(1p1), pp.230-248.

Holmberg, R., Fridell, M., Arnesson, P. and Bäckvall, M. (2008), “Leadership and implementation of evidence‐based practices”, Leadership in Health Services, Vol. 21 No. 3, pp. 168-184.


9. Appendices

Appendix 1: Leadership behaviour dimensions

(Source: Holmberg et al. 2008)




Appendix 2: Respondent characteristics

(Source: Greene et al. 2008)

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