Methods of addressing the criminalization of homelessness in California

The solution to the criminalization of homelessness in California


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Methods of addressing the criminalization of homelessness in California
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

In California, hundreds of thousands of individuals face homelessness. Therefore, they are forced to look for public places for their living because they lack affordable housing, lack permanent housing, and cannot get emergency shelter in America.  Along contending with the hard role f looking for employment, housing, and basic needs, coupled with inherent dilemmas of outdoor living, most of these homeless face criminalization, as pointed in my last paper, and sometimes face criminal charges and harassment from law enforcers due to their lack of shelter and the state of homelessness.  Such homelessness criminalization takes various forms and very pervasive. They often include prohibition from sitting, sleeping, and belongings stored in public areas when shelter and housing are untenable. The law enforcers’ sweep to the inhabited areas by the homeless leads o property destruction, arrests, fines. Sometimes they apply selective enforcement of public area restrictions like open container ordinances, rules of a park closure, and loitering rules. Triggered by business interests and attitudes such as not-in-my-backyard, the communities have also felt the homelessness dwellers’ nuisance. Therefore, this paper assesses and advocates for at least a solution to the criminalization of homelessness in California and the effectiveness of the solution.

Decriminalization of homelessness

It is possible to de-criminalize homelessness. This paper presents currents developments and initiatives that explicitly show that there are developed. With time, it will be responsible for lessening the criminalization of the homeless needs in California completely.  Avocations are advanced through policy reforms, municipal legislation amendments, offering judicial decrees, reforms practices of the police department, creation f housing and its reforms, and adopting a practice that has worked best in other country cities. California will change and provide better alternatives to the homeless community in its cities through the following approaches.

Methods of addressing the criminalization of homelessness in California

Judicial action

Recent county proceedings decreed the provision of homes to the homeless group and the advocates for the homeless reason towards change for the same. The court judge for the US district, David Carter, has been fighting for the Orange County cities and advocates for the homeless and has taken other steps to protect the homeless. For instance, when the riverbed of Santa Ana was planned for clearance, he contested that it be humanly done with more dignity. Besides, he gave policy restrain orders to stop police from arresting those not ready to leave their homes. He instead lifted the restraint order upon provision of vouchers to those who were to be displaced to enhance shelter capacity to offer more beds and coordinate with other sectors in planning. Besides, Judge Carter has a hard stance on county and city advocates and wants them to equalize criminalizing efforts to individuals and homeless sweep efforts to rehabilitate instead and house them. This stance should apply amongst the cities of orange.

The action of judge carter gives more hope to the homeless advocate since it can finish the blame shifts and the irresponsible cities’ actions to the homeless. The northern orange cities have been forced to meet the cost of policing and sheltering the homeless in their areas, more so in large homeless encampments like Santa Ana and the southern cities of Huntington Beach, Niguel, Laguna, and Irvine.  Judge Carter demonstrates his consistency and practically coordinated efforts across the cities that can be used to solve homelessness. Consequently, one effective method of de-criminalizing the Californian homeless community is that policy advocates and makers should push the judiciary to apply a tougher stance on cities by using the template of Judge Carter. This approach suggests that if the city-county administrators a=are held accountable via legitimate threats for law enforcement through the bench, there are chances that every city will take responsibility for providing housing for their homeless populations.

Local initiatives

  1. Fourth and eighth amendment challenges

Advocates of homeless policy have been representing their clients’ plight using the fourth and eighth amendment challenges to the action of county and city. Most of the jurisprudence highlighted above is constitutional approaches claiming unusual and cruel punishment in the eighth amendments. They use the fourth amendment challenges that allege the constitutional violation that protects individuals, papers, persons, and impacts against seizures and unreasonable searches. This amendment application is minimal to the homeless who do not have reasonable privacy as they live in public. By applying the fourteenth amendment, the county violates the fourth amendment by seizing and destroying the property of the homeless. The eight amendments challenge the advocates of the homeless and contend that criminalizing the homeless using any code relating to the status is an unusual and cruel punishment. These statutes and codes related to sleeping in public places, defecation, urination in public, property storage, pets keeping, sleeping in vehicles, and alcohol and drug use.

Homeless advocates are encouraged to use both the fourth and eighth amendment challenge on the county and city officials since courts are receptive to them. Advocates should pressure the courts to implement the Jones mandate and offer proper housing to the homeless population. Until enforced, both the fourth and eighth amendments’ challenges ascertain that the homeless property and shelter are not destroyed or seized without valid notice. Besides, it ascertains that the homeless communities are not punished for storing their property and living in places available to them.

  1. Legislation code changes in police practices

One hundred eleven anti-homeless laws were adopted in California by early 2000, with an additional 97 suggested being adopted by 2019. They are comprehensive laws. The government applied homeless encamped items such as in Santa Ana center criminalization of shopping carts, Bluetooth speakers, lawn chairs, tents,  bike spare parts carpets, and other recyclable items. School of law in Scuttle university right advocacy for the homeless project committed to advocating for such laws repeal for they criminalize the homeless and poverty and looks for better approaches of addressing the causes of homelessness and poverty.  This university project has worked towards positive law changes relating to bike racks, parking vehicles, bridge underside fencing, hostile architecture, and warrants and citations abetments.  Advocates, judges, lawyers, and the homeless community in California also need to front and follow such law changes.  It is noted that orange city parts with $ 300 million every year in enforcing homelessness laws. Instead of using such policies, police officer Tony Yim encourages and fronts reforms like training police officers inequitable law enforcement. This method is good because it offer an avenue to relieving the homeless population should judges, lawyers, and advocates fail to change the law. Consequently, provided the law letter still discriminates on homelessness, proper development, and police training regarding equitable law enforcement and the dangers of the ongoing homelessness criminalization that can lead to lower citation and homelessness arrests and fewer property seizures and searches.

Housing-first approach

The housing first approach to easing criminalization is a model used to assist the homeless community and prioritizes establishing permanent housing for the homeless and ending their homelessness, and to provide them with a buffer for pursuing personal goals for improving their life quality. This model operates on the premise that people require basic needs like food and housing before finding other less critical things like getting the job and proper budgeting.

Through the United States, the interagency council on homelessness (USICH) elaborates that the housing first approach is proved. The housing first approach has gained traction in the county of orange due to the University of California Irvine research conducted about homelessness. This study depicted that annually, Orange county uses around $300 million to enforce homelessness policy and is distributed in the four sectors: hospitals, municipalities, housing agencies, and counties.

Besides, the non-profit results show that the cost for each individual among the first ten percent of the homeless living in the streets is around $ 440 000 annually. This housing-first model appears effective because if this cost is attributed per the same category, it reduces to $ 55,000 per person annually when giving housing services. Besides, the numerical findings of this study reported that the critical reason making the homeless end p in this state was high rent and insufficient wages. Currently, in Orange county, a housing-first model is already effective in decreasing the criminalization of homelessness, and this method, among others, should be adopted because of the following reasons:

Firstly, Jamboree has continuously invested in the individual project for housing construction to house the homeless is for those who are risking becoming homeless. Jamboree has so far constructed approximately 100 properties holding more than 8500 units within California. These units can accommodate more than 17,500 persons, and these numbers continue growing for every completed development. The non-profit organization has paired these properties with vital services. Jamboree, with their agencies, will continue with their housing-first model to house the homeless population and completely abate the criminalization of the homeless. WISEPlace is another organization like Jamboree that is also tackling steps towards ending problems of the homeless in Orange County and provides housing to adults and females to them; men and women with children do not qualify to get hosed by them. It works to accommodate ninety females annually. Besides, WISEPlace, having partnered with the Jamboree, enables homeless women to get comprehensive personal treatment, accounting for needs linked to nutrition, housing, education,  employment, financial assistance, and financial responsibility.

The best approach

Of the four efforts, the housing-first model is the best approach. Instead of focusing on where the homeless are not supposed to be found, the housing-first model aims to create space for the homeless persons and families that they can legally associate with as home.  Consequently, the housing-first model houses the homeless population. The housed individuals and families no longer remain fearful of criminalization that affects them under the anti-storage, anti-sampling, and all other ordinances against homelessness, as discussed above. This makes the housing first approach gain popularity among the lawyers, policymakers, judges, and the homeless community because it is the approach that addresses the root causes f their plight in the streets. The initiative’s ultimate goal is to provide a solution that changes the plight of the homeless in public places and positively changes the public’s notion about the homeless community from their perceived criminal group to a criminalized community.


Changing the Californian policy makers’ perception and the public is viewed as the best practice among scholars to proceed with the problem of the homeless. Instead of making the homeless population, the changing donors of criminal justice systems,  judges, advocates, lawyers, and the homeless population realize that the housing-first approach is the most effective and cost-effective. With the legal reforms, reform in the police department, effective lobbying, and judicial decrees, the housing-first model can culminate the homelessness problem in California. All in all, the homeless plight is primarily a problem of inadequate housing.






Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]