How Ultraviolet Radiation can damage skin



Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
How Ultraviolet Radiation can damage skin
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay


Table of Contents

Introduction. 2

Summary 1. 2

Literature review.. 2

Conclusion. 2

Reference List 3





The present assessment is attempting to consider the aspects of the ultraviolet ray and the overall impact on the skin with the aspect of radiation. The aspect of exposure to UV rays is quite common for people and the mobile aspects of human society. However, extreme exposure to UV ray and sunlight could have some detrimental consequences and skin cancer or dermal damage is one of the most common occurrences of sunlight exposure (Barnes et al. 2019). The overall assessment would primarily attempt to know how the aspect of sunlight exposure is causing a various degree of skin damages something that is contributing to the overall developments of premature aging, chronic skin damages, and other dermal oriented complications that could potentially create a severe form of complications as one grows. How the radiation from the UV rays, damage one’s skin cell and how that impacts on the very outer layer of the skin and how does it eventually affect inner dermal layers would be a relevant aspect of the overall discussion in the literature review (Viarisio et al. 2018).

Summary 1

Some of the most effective issues that radiation from the UV exposure could potentially cause are basal cell carcinoma, or solar elastosis, and even malignant melanoma. These complications skin associated are some of the most effective problems of the issue, however, there are many other issues that could affect the skin that is much less intense than those that have been mentioned (Williamson et al. 2017). It is causing some of the biggest concerns in the medical field of dermatology and also topical issues where the UV exposure is ageing the skin and changing its texture or even giving them a sunburnt and a consequently immense amount of pain (Lucas et al. 2019). Epidemiologically, the issue is extremely effective and millions of people across the globe have been affected by it, suggesting that it is a frequent problem and is also an important issue that demands much more scientific attention (Burns et al. 2019). The thinning of the ozone layer allows the UV ray to attack humans even much better and also the millions of Americans are affected almost daily and a considerable and concerning number of people are dying because of the developments of skin cancer across the globe (Ferrara et al. 2020).

Literature review

Since UV radiation is both mutagen and as well a non-specific damaging agent, it is known to be a complete carcinogen. The properties that are present in the UV ray that could possibly initiate and both promote a tumour is why the issue is essentially contentious (Hart and Norval 2018). It is known to be the most important modifiable risk factor and that means the aspect of excessive exposure could possibly cause a massive amount of health risks on the people (Bernard et al. 2019). Several complications such as atrophy, changes in pigments, malignancy and wrinkles and leathery textures in the skins,  and could even possibly cause different basic and commonly occurred skin cancers (Barnes et al. 2019). The risk factors of the UV rays are also highly motivated by the genetic factors where the enhancement of cancer risks in amongst the fair skin complexion. Polymorphisms of the melanocortin 1 receptor gene genetically produce less melanin and sometimes none at all, resulting in increased chances and risks of skin cancers (Bais et al. 2019).

(Burns et al. 2019) suggest that skin being the largest organ and for having the largest surface areas the aspect of getting exposed to the UV rays is quite common and therefore the chances of UV ray affecting the epidermis and dermis is quite significant. In the stratum basal layer, the production of Keratinocytes is what helps the skin accumulate all the pigments or the melanin and whole they start maturing and the overall epidermal melanin functions to potentially block the UV penetration into the skin, something that helps the skin from getting any chances of skin cancers or any severe health issues or skin associated problems (Herndon et al. 2018).

According to (Wolf et al. 2018) melanocytes are the only source why the body or the skin has some pigments but due to the genetic defects in melanocytes, it does lead to the developments of less production of melanin. For instance, in the case of albinism, it does lead to the developments of poor UV blocking barriers amongst individuals with these kinds of genetic defects and they are usually at the risk of getting affected by the UV exposure more than anybody else (Williamson et al. 2017). The cyclization of the amino acid tyrosine and the oxidation of the same is able to form different pigments and therefore determine the complexity of the body as melanin does the job for the skin, something that eventually gets to the developments of a natural blocker of the UV ray and allows the body to stay protected (Yardman‐Frank and Fisher, 2021).

(Patra et al. 2019) suggest that having a little amount of epidermal eumelanin amongst the fair-skinned individuals realise and absorb the UV rays much more than the darker-skinned individuals. Fair-skinned people are therefore UV ray sensitive and are always at a high risk of getting infected from skin cancers due to the extreme exposure in the sunlight and the UV ray (Viarisio et al. 2018). The damaging aspect of the UV therefore would be much worse amongst the individuals who have fair skins and therefore it ruins the natural skin blocking protection mechanisms amongst these individuals. The inflammatory response to the UV ray and the underlying cancer risks is something that is severely involved (Williamson et al. 2017).

(Nan et al. 2018) after the sunlight exposure and post 24 hours, the emerging redness and swelling are some of the examples of exposure to the UV rays, as these complications are mostly also common amongst the fairer skins and the aspect of these happening are also quite frequent and much more convenient than amongst a dark-skinned individual (Viarisio et al. 2018). To burn the eumelanin rich skin is way more difficult for the UV ray and require much longer exposure to the UV ray than it is for somebody who is light-skinned, therefore the aspect of having erythema or edema is something that occurs in different complications of skin tones differently and based on the different duration of the exposure of the UV rays (Viarisio et al. 2018).

(Laikova  et al. 2019) suggest that the presence of the UV in the environment is abundant and therefore the contribution of the same to various maladies are also quite frequent. Skin complications such as inflammations degenerative ageing, or even chronic forms of skin cancers are some of the effective aspects of the UV ray that affects the epidermis and the dermis. The occupational exposure to the sunlight is how mainly the humans are generally exposed to the UV rays and therefore it does lead to a common surge of skin associated complications. However, in recent days, the aspect of recreation exposure to the UV rays have becomes a trend where the getting tanned for the cosmetic purpose or for aesthetic values, is something that is happening more than often today (Lucas et al. 2019).

(Kanellis, 2019) suggests that ambient UV exposures, however, is something that is geographically intensified and therefore it is extremely consistent with the developments of the particular location of that place on earth and based on that longitude or the land elevation, the overall developments of the ambient exposure of the UV rays are varying and frequent. According to the amount of atmosphere, the UV ray passes through and based on the ozone layers, the overall aspect of UV penetration occurs, something that determines the overall aspect of the skin exposure to the skins related complications. The overall aspect of the skin associated complications is also something that does lead to the developments of the skin associated difficulties and inconvenience based on the ambient based UV exposures (Hung et al. 2019).

According to (Hart and Norval 2018), a part from the strength of solar radiation, the aspect of outdoor activities, and the occupational outdoor aspect are some of the factors that are also involved in the overall aspect of getting exposed to the UV rays. The recreational aspect of staying outside are some of the major aspects of why the overall developments of UV related complications may occur. However, the use of UV protective clothing is something that has been a major aspect of how the protection or shelter from the ray could be executed. Use of shade or sunblocks substances such as lotions or any sorts of skin protections cosmetics products are often used to stay protected from UV exposures (Herndon et al. 2018).

(Ferrari et al. 2019) suggests that the equatorial locations are also one of the aspects where the warmth is generally higher and is, therefore, the people during their occupational or recreational activities outdoor tend to use less clothing items something that leads to the developments of the much more contact with the ambient sunlight and something that increases the chances of recent any higher ambient UV does than those who reside in parts of the world that are in temperate climate. Therefore, scientifically skin related research shows that the aspect of skin cancer is influenced by the geographical patterns and is most likely to occur amongst fair or light skinned individual who are sun light sensitive (Holick, 2017).

(Emri et al. 2018) suggests that indoor tanning or use of artificial UV radiation is something that has also been increasing in large amount, With time the use of tanning bed indoor is rising amongst the American populations, something that is contributing to te developments of the chances of risk of being exposed to artificial UV rays (Viarisio et al. 2018). With the use of these artificial radiation and use of much more frequent sessions also increases the chances of getting affected and therefore create a an effective amount of damage to the skin. The overall development of skin associated complications also something that raise with the age of that individuals something that does lead to the developments of all sort of the complications after all (Ferrara et al. 2020).

According to (Bruce et al. 2018), the enlargements and expansion of the tanning industries and the sue of tanning salons in several places, have increase the use of artificial UV radiation for cosmetic and recreational purpose something that have been affecting the aspect of skin situations of the people who are highly skin sensitive and therefore they are developing complications from it accordingly something that would create a complications that is often long terms and they are developing severe forms of complications quite late since the damages of these artificial UV radiation is relatively slower than the natural ones existing in the environment and in the sunlight. To reduce the incidence of melanoma, the aspect of decreasing UV radiation exposure both from sunlight and as well as the artificial radiation would be better and much more effective (Burns et al. 2019).

According to (Bernard et al. 2019), on the skin physiology, the effects of the UV rays has been quite severe and sometimes in delayed manner according to the science of dermatology. The inflammatory response and the aspect of sunburn are some of the most common type s and yet quite painful sorts of skin related complications that could possibly occur from the extreme exposure of the both natural UV in the sunlight and as well as in the artificial UV radiations. The dose of UV radiation upon exceeding the threshold of the damage response would potentially create the complications that become visible on the epidermis layers of the skins eventually (Bora et al. 2018).


The overall aspect of having sun exposure is some of the most effective way how the skins develop different sorts of complications something that does lead rot the developments different sense of developments (Viarisio et al. 2018). The occupational exposure to the sunlight is how mainly the humans are generally exposed to the UV rays and therefore it does lead to a common surge of skin associated complications. Scientifically skin related research shows that the aspect of skin cancer is influenced by the geographical patterns and is most likely to occur amongst fair or light skinned individual who are sun light sensitive (Barnes et al. 2019). The overall aspect of different sense of findings based on the UV protections, have also been assessed with the literature review has also been considered that is why the overall developments have been influential in the overall aspect of having conceptual understanding of the consistent relevance of the UV radiation developments (Bais et al. 2019).

Reference List

Bais, A.F., Bernhard, G., McKenzie, R.L., Aucamp, P.J., Young, P.J., Ilyas, M., Jöckel, P. and Deushi, M., 2019. Ozone–climate interactions and effects on solar ultraviolet radiation. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences18(3), pp.602-640.

Barnes, P.W., Williamson, C.E., Lucas, R.M., Robinson, S.A., Madronich, S., Paul, N.D., Bornman, J.F., Bais, A.F., Sulzberger, B., Wilson, S.R. and Andrady, A.L., 2019. Ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, climate change and prospects for a sustainable future. Nature Sustainability2(7), pp.569-579.

Bernard, J.J., Gallo, R.L. and Krutmann, J., 2019. Photoimmunology: how ultraviolet radiation affects the immune system. Nature Reviews Immunology19(11), pp.688-701.

Bora, N.S., Mazumder, B. and Chattopadhyay, P., 2018. Prospects of topical protection from ultraviolet radiation exposure: a critical review on the juxtaposition of the benefits and risks involved with the use of chemoprotective agents. Journal of Dermatological Treatment29(3), pp.256-268.

Bruce, A.F., Theeke, L. and Mallow, J., 2017. A state of the science on influential factors related to sun protective behaviors to prevent skin cancer in adults. International journal of nursing sciences4(3), pp.225-235.

Burns, E.M., Ahmed, H., Isedeh, P.N., Kohli, I., Van Der Pol, W., Shaheen, A., Muzaffar, A.F., Al‐Sadek, C., Foy, T.M., Abdelgawwad, M.S. and Huda, S., 2019. Ultraviolet radiation, both UVA and UVB, influences the composition of the skin microbiome. Experimental dermatology28(2), pp.136-141.

Emri, G., Paragh, G., Tósaki, Á., Janka, E., Kollár, S., Hegedűs, C., Gellén, E., Horkay, I., Koncz, G. and Remenyik, É., 2018. Ultraviolet radiation-mediated development of cutaneous melanoma: An update. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology185, pp.169-175.

Ferrara, F., Woodby, B., Pecorelli, A., Schiavone, M.L., Pambianchi, E., Therrien, J.P., Choudhary, H. and Valacchi, G., 2020. Additive effect of combined pollutants to UV induced skin OxInflammation damage. Evaluating the protective topical application of a cosmeceutical mixture formulation. Redox biology34, p.101481.

Ferrari, D., Lombardi, G., Strollo, M., Pontillo, M., Motta, A. and Locatelli, M., 2019. Association between solar ultraviolet doses and vitamin D clinical routine data in European mid-latitude population between 2006 and 2018. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences18(11), pp.2696-2706.

Hart, P.H. and Norval, M., 2018. Ultraviolet radiation-induced immunosuppression and its relevance for skin carcinogenesis. Photochemical & photobiological sciences17(12), pp.1872-1884.

Herndon, J.M., Hoisington, R.D. and Whiteside, M., 2018. Deadly ultraviolet UV-C and UV-B penetration to Earth’s surface: Human and environmental health implications. J Geog Environ Earth Sci Intn14(2), pp.1-11.

Holick, M.F., 2017. Ultraviolet B radiation: the vitamin D connection. Ultraviolet Light in Human Health, Diseases and Environment, pp.137-154.

Hung, A.M., Kazembeyki, M., Hoover, C.G. and Fini, E.H., 2019. Evolution of morphological and nanomechanical properties of bitumen thin films as a result of compositional changes due to ultraviolet radiation. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering7(21), pp.18005-18014.

Kanellis, V.G., 2019. Ultraviolet radiation sensors: a review. Biophysical reviews11(6), pp.895-899.

Laikova, K.V., Oberemok, V.V., Krasnodubets, A.M., Gal’chinsky, N.V., Useinov, R.Z., Novikov, I.A., Temirova, Z.Z., Gorlov, M.V., Shved, N.A., Kumeiko, V.V. and Makalish, T.P., 2019. Advances in the understanding of skin cancer: ultraviolet radiation, mutations, and antisense oligonucleotides as anticancer drugs. Molecules24(8), p.1516.

Lucas, R.M., Yazar, S., Young, A.R., Norval, M., De Gruijl, F.R., Takizawa, Y., Rhodes, L.E., Sinclair, C.A. and Neale, R.E., 2019. Human health in relation to exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation under changing stratospheric ozone and climate. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences18(3), pp.641-680.

Nan, W., Ding, L., Chen, H., Khan, F.U., Yu, L., Sui, X. and Shi, X., 2018. Topical use of quercetin-loaded chitosan nanoparticles against ultraviolet B radiation. Frontiers in pharmacology9, p.826.

Patra, V., Wagner, K., Arulampalam, V. and Wolf, P., 2019. Skin microbiome modulates the effect of ultraviolet radiation on cellular response and immune function. Iscience15, pp.211-222.

Viarisio, D., Müller-Decker, K., Accardi, R., Robitaille, A., Dürst, M., Beer, K., Jansen, L., Flechtenmacher, C., Bozza, M., Harbottle, R. and Voegele, C., 2018. Beta HPV38 oncoproteins act with a hit-and-run mechanism in ultraviolet radiation-induced skin carcinogenesis in mice. PLoS pathogens14(1), p.e1006783.

Williamson, C.E., Madronich, S., Lal, A., Zepp, R.G., Lucas, R.M., Overholt, E.P., Rose, K.C., Schladow, S.G. and Lee-Taylor, J., 2017. Climate change-induced increases in precipitation are reducing the potential for solar ultraviolet radiation to inactivate pathogens in surface waters. Scientific reports7(1), pp.1-12.

Wolf, S.T., Stanhewicz, A.E., Jablonski, N.G. and Kenney, W.L., 2018. Acute ultraviolet radiation exposure attenuates nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in the cutaneous microvasculature of healthy humans. Journal of applied physiology125(4), pp.1232-1237.

Yardman‐Frank, J.M. and Fisher, D.E., 2021. Skin pigmentation and its control: From ultraviolet radiation to stem cells. Experimental Dermatology30(4), pp.560-571.


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]