Course Number and Name
Constructing a bridge is complex which requires knowledge and expertise. Deciding which type of bridge to build and the construction method requires several variables such as cost, engineering constraints, and environmental impacts (Siwowski, 2017). It is a structure that lengths horizontally between supports carrying vertical loads as its main function. Bridge construction involves relatively discrete element methods like girders and piles that look alike piece by piece. For over the past 50 years, construction methods have been involved in improving long-term construction services, facilitating construction in clogged areas, and reducing traffic and overall construction schedules (Siwowski, 2017). Expertise includes Virtual Design and Construction and 3D modeling that ease the decision-making process during construction and advances communication with stakeholders. Technologies enable the local community to picture the future bridge and embrace the planned concept.
VDC provides the tools needed to integrate design models with fabrication, contractor scheduling, and construction procedure (Ding, 2018). WSP is at the forefront as the construction industry moves towards the electronic transfer of project plans. Components of the bridge comprise of the following: first is the superstructure that is made of truss or girder or slab, and it loads passing over the passage and transfer the forces produced by the same to the substructure. The second is bearings that carry the load from the deck and distribute evenly to substructure material. Segmental construction is considered when the bridge is long. There is the chance for repetitive construction details and when traffic commotions are unacceptable, and aesthetics is the key role in the project.
Types of bridges include Arch bridges, Beam bridges, Cantilever bridge, Suspension bridge, Cable-stayed bridge, Tied Arch bridge, and Truss bridge. Romans used arch bridges to build Pont-Saint-Martin Bridge. It functions by taking the gravitational pressure to the center called keystone, and this principle is known as compression, which enables the arch to support the surface. Temperature changes destabilize fixed arch bridges. The span and the bridge base are modified with hinges that allow them to adjust during harsh weather conditions. (Yavuz, 2017). Arch bridges are able to expand and contract during drastic alteration of temperature.
Beam Bridge is the easiest to construct. All that is needed is a crossbeam that is able to cover the span. Girder is a type of Beam Bridge that employs steel as reinforcement.
Ding, K., Shi, H., Hui, J., Liu, Y., Zhu, B., Zhang, F., & Cao, W. (2018, March). Smart steel bridge construction enabled by BIM and Internet of Things in industry 4.0: A framework. In 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC) (pp.1-5). IEEE.
Siwowski, T., Rajchel, M., Kaleta, D., & Własak, L. (2017). The first Polish road bridge made of FRP composites. Structural Engineering International, 27(2), 308-314.
Yavuz, F., Attanayake, U., & Aktan, H. (2017). Economic impact analysis of bridge construction. Transportation Research Record, 2630(1), 95-102.
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