Behavioural and Cognitive Learning Theories

Behavioural and Cognitive Learning Theories


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Behavioural and Cognitive Learning Theories
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

The cognitive and behavioural learning theories explain the processes involved when a learner acquires change because of experience, stimulus or motivation and the process involved in retaining that knowledge. The behavioural learning theory suggests that an external stimulus causes learning in human beings. This theory claims that individuals learn more from their interaction with the environment while inherited or innate factors play a minimal role in human behaviour. Meanwhile, cognitive learning theory suggests that the brain processes information and learning occurs through that processing. The approach focuses on the mental processes involved in delivering a response rather than the external stimulus. Although the two learning theories have several similarities in their analysis of human behaviour, the differences are many and more significant. This article analyses the two theories, key concepts, educational implications, and biblical worldview of the theories.

Historical Development of each Theory

Psychologist Jean Piaget is the first person to develop the cognitive learning theory suggesting that human beings’ knowledge development involves the mental processing of information gained from the external environment. Piaget believed that learners gain knowledge through the active construction of existing cognitive processes. He focused his research on analyzing children’s intelligence on the assumption that thoughts determine the behaviour and emotions of human beings. The theory has developed gradually with a new branch of psychology due to studies internal process such as attention, learning, problem-solving, and perception. Several have developed the Piaget theory and linked teaching to mental processes. The behavioural learning theory argues that the environment stimulates a response in organisms through learning. Pavlov concluded that a stimulus-response system determined human behaviour and presented the now-famous Pavlov’s Dogs experiment to prove his claim. He noticed that his dogs would salivate when he rang a bell because the dogs had learned that being fed came after hearing the bell ringing. The theory argues that a stimulus-response element can break down complex actions. The approach has developed significantly with new aspects such as positive reinforcement being applied in student learning.

Critical Concepts of each Theory

The cognitive learning theory key concepts include analyzing the cognitive mechanisms involved in creative thought and memory. The theory focuses on the six concepts involved in cognitive learning: reflection, spaced learning, retrieval, self-practice, elaboration, and interleaving. The theory emphasizes the processes involved in creativity as a function of memory and declares that more creative individuals have more associations than less creative individuals. The theory claims that as individuals grow, they gain skills and knowledge through training and maximizing their brain’s potential. The theory’s unique argument that the brain’s ability to retain information constitutes learning instead of behavioural theory’s assertion that learning results from an environmental stimulus-response system. The behavioural learning theory suggests that individuals and organisms learn from the environment they interact with through a stimulus-response act. Through experiment, the theory argues that organisms’ compulsive or impulsive behaviour results from a goal-directed action or habits and affects behavioural learning and explains one’s differences in decisions (Turner & Parkes 2020). The theory plays crucial roles in understanding human behaviour and determining the motivation needed for students in a classroom setting.

Research Support for Each Theory

The primary aim of cognitive learning theory is to describe cognitive learning using thought. The article “cognitive learning theory for clinical teaching” identifies the components of cognitive learning. The report provides insight into how thought is used to gain and retain knowledge. The elements of cognitive learning include reflection, spaced learning, retrieval, self-practice, elaboration, and interleaving (McSparron Vanka & Smith 2019). For instance, asking students to revisit the previous day’s learning program will incur the students to use spaced learning, and retrieval concepts to deliver points discussed the last day correctly. The article on innovative entrepreneurial thinking utilizes swarm optimization algorithm to show that social and innovation environments impact cognitive learning (Xu 2020). The two articles suggest that thought and factors such as innovation and social environment contribute to cognitive learning and intelligence. The article on generalized behavioural learning theory analyzes the gap of literature exhibited between classical conditioning and existing behavioural learning theories. Using a microcontroller card and a mathematical model, the researchers discussed the gap in literature within the behavioural learning theory (Ertuğrul 2017). Identifying and discussing the classical conditioning left out in behavioural learning theory is essential to eliminate the literature gap. The article on prefrontal regulation of behavioural control utilizes rodents as specimens to understand their adaptation and decision-making. The researchers concluded that the cortical part of the brain is involved in decision-making and that habits affect the behaviour of organisms.

Educational Implications

The cognitive learning theory focuses on the effective utilization of the brain, which is vital in classrooms. Cognitive learning, such as meaningful learning, has several essential roles in class, including enhancing comprehension as students develop extensive understanding and application of materials since it involves students learning by doing. Also, the theory incorporates problem-solving skills, which are essential in leaderships and social integration. Furthermore, the theory proposes ideas that encourage continuous learning and boosts the confidence of students. The theory would explain understanding as a process of gaining knowledge through the cognitive interpretation of information.

The behavioural learning theory has significant applications and benefits in a classroom setting, such as motivation. For instance, a teacher may use punishment to influence her students to improve their grades by setting a specific pass mark for everyone. This form of positive reinforcement has significant implications for students as it allows them to maintain good behaviour if effectively applied. To teach in a classroom, a teacher may identify factors or components that motivate their students and use them to benefit her class and, in turn, make teaching easier.

Biblical Worldview

The Bible views human’s ability as God-given to those who believe in Him. Proverbs 1:7 states that “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge” and guides the Christian interpretation of knowledge. All Christians believe that God is the giver of knowledge and can take the knowledge, and thus man should learn to place his trust in God (Brown 2018). In general, the Bible says that for an individual to learn or consider themselves knowledgeable, they should acknowledge that God is the redeemer and giver of all knowledge (Jer 24:7). A learner will have to identify God as having dominion over all the world, including knowledge for them to learn.

Most Effective Theory of Learning

The cognitive learning theory is the most effective as it involves generating ideas and conclusions from continuous maximization of the brain potential. The brain performs significant functions, including interpreting, analyzing, memory retention and other mental processes vital for knowledge acquisition (Ormrod 2016). The behavioural learning theory lacks insight into the cortico-cortical interactions and instead focuses on thalamocortical pathways, which dramatically limits the theories’ viability in a classroom (Turner & Parkes 2020). The limitations offered by the behavioural learning theory, such as its dependence on an external stimulus to achieve a change, further enhance the cognitive learning theory effectiveness.


These theories provide a considerable amount of insight into understanding human behaviours and the processes involved in decision-making. The theories applicability and straightforwardness make them essential in the teacher-student relationship. Studies into the theories enable researchers to identify the brain’s functions in shaping human behaviours, which is helpful in the teaching profession. The theories also guide researchers to determine the appropriate theory to use and allow dialogue into the agent-driven and data-driven research.



Brown, C. T. (2018). Naturalistic or biblical worldview of human development. Journal of Alternative Medicine Research, 10(2), 117-123.

English Standard Version Bible (2001). ESV Online.

Ertuğrul, Ö.F., Tağluk, M.E. (2017). A novel machine learning method based on generalized behavioral learning theory. Neural Computing & Applications, 283921–3939.

Kwon, H. R., & Silva, E. A. (2020). Mapping the landscape of behavioral theories: Systematic literature review. Journal of Planning Literature, 35(2), 161-179.

McSparron, J.I., Vanka, A. & Smith, C.C. (2019), Cognitive learning theory for clinical teaching. Clin Teach, 16: 96-100.

Ormrod, J. E. (2016). Human learning—Access card package (7th ed.). Pearson.

Turner, K. M., & Parkes, S. L. (2020). Prefrontal regulation of behavioral control: Evidence from learning theory and translational approaches in rodents. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 118, 27-41.

Xu, H. (2020). Research on the cultivation path of innovative entrepreneurial thinking based on cognitive learning theory. International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education.






Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]