Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education



Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay











Table of Contents

Introduction. 3

Title. 3

Overview.. 3

Need of study. 4

Justification. 5

Aims and objectives. 6

Aim.. 6

Objectives. 6

Project questions. 6

Literature Review.. 7

Teamwork helps in achieving organizational goals collaboratively. 8

Teamwork helps in developing leadership skills. 9

Teamwork is essential for organizational growth. 9

Teamwork improves organizational culture. 10

Team Trust towards Organizational Performance. 11

Teamwork boosts organizational performance. 11

Project Plan. 12

Gantt chart 13

Leadership and change management model 14

Lewin’s Change Management Model 15

ADKAR’s Model 15

McKinsey 7s Model 17

Conclusion. 18

Opportunity for research. 19

Reference List 20



Team management is a concept that refers to the number of tasks that a team carries out. This ensures the assignments or activities are completed every day. Under these cases, the project member must assign the tasks fairly to the appropriate individuals, help priorities them and talk over any issues. Often, increasing work success and corporate efficiency demonstrate the value of team management. A brain cannot produce the same outcomes that a good team would achieve. Time as well as consistency. One of the advantages of an organization’s cooperation is that everybody will experience and discover different experiences. For example, more seasoned staff are sure to accumulate expertise over the long term. Besides, as multiple individuals with different abilities work together, they will share knowledge that they had not before. Teamwork encourages participants to explore innovative proposals and criticizes older concepts, as opposed to operating independently in a project. This phase in turn leads to solutions that make a project smoothly completed more successful.



The title of the following research project is “Fostering teamwork within a department or organization”.


A team works together to accomplish a shared objective or to carry out a mission as effectively and efficiently as possible. This definition is used in the broader context of a team of interdependent persons working together to achieve a collective purpose. Adequate staff size is a basic prerequisite for an efficient team function. According to Ogbonnaya, Tillman and Gonzalez (2018), the background is critical and team sizes can differ according to the goal. At least two or more participants can belong to a team and most teams are 2-100 in number. Sports teams usually have defined size, depending on the process and difficulty of the objective, and job teams may vary in size… Teams must be prepared to use personnel to play well-specified and constructive positions within their teams, to ensure a common goal for all. Teamwork is available in any situation in which a community works together to reach a shared purpose. In this case, industrial organizations, sports, a school and the health sector are included. The degree of coordination and interdependency in any of these environments will range from low to middle to high based on the amount of contact, engagement and partnership among team members.

As per the viewpoint of Sanyal and Hisam (2018), goals in an organization are what a company hopes to do in the future. One aim is to achieve the outcome. In its heart, loyalty is everything. They send people a guide and make people concentrate on the right thing. Goals may be overall (directive) and reflect on the company’s major objectives or organizational and goals for functional teams. However, according to the stage, priorities may also fill particular niches based on growth needs. Everybody should know the targets, and the staff should be supported by the projects. Constructing a community of confidence and appreciation is a great culture and at days, unfortunately, it is neglected by organizations. However, Nowaskie, Carvell, Alder, LaMantia, Gao, Brown, Boustani and Austrom (2020) commented that although it is not P&L, for working team settings and functioning teams it is extremely critical. A boss not only leads to improved results of employees by establishing measurable and achievable targets but also may also effectively boost the company and increase the image as an employer of preference. For good teams, strong leaders produce. Your leaders should be willing to give their teams reasonable goals and be prepared to offer assistance and services as required. However, outside the daily tasks that sustain their colleagues, leaders have a strong impact on the dynamic of their team. “There are a few main elements necessary for a well-functioning team to be created: teamwork, confidence and equilibrium,” says HR practitioner Jake DuFour. “Strong leadership would ensure stakeholders are goal-oriented and responsive. Confidence of participants enables transparent dialogue, issue analysis and a secure environment to promote new ideas. Balance is important to everything and the skills and abilities of the team members are well balanced.” Very strong leaders recognize the strengths and shortcomings of their team members and use them to achieve the maximum (TAYLOR and LA JEFFERY, 2017). They do this by encouraging constructive contact among their team members and ensuring that they collaborate effectively. Leaders must therefore be able to fix problems and recognize possible problems inside the team before it becomes a major challenge.

Need of the study

Working in teams is normally part of the job. Basic teamwork consists of everybody working together to help the organization and dynamic types of teamwork that “working teams” may choose to accomplish a project nearby. Their job together and mutual commitment increase competitiveness (Halldorsson, Thorlindsson and Katovich, 2017). Allowing team members to apply their specialized training to a project or mission maximizes both the variety of work the team may carry out and the number of tasks carried out without further study. Often more minds are stronger than only one. Teamwork involves the behaviour of individuals, combined with a mutual purpose or purpose, that delegate the individual’s needs to the group’s needs. Essentially, any member of the team has to work for organizational goals. Team working is the relationship between the participants and the job they do. For the success of a company, effective coordination is important. As “no man is an island,” a whole organization should be stimulated by positive outcomes of constructive team activity as the detrimental effects of a lack of cooperation can damage an enterprise. The best staff members are attracted and maintained to make an organization’s success more efficient. As the majority of approaches to human resources, collaboration is so important and it is important to ensure corporate effectiveness. Therefore, an expanded essay on the effects of teamwork on corporate competitiveness is required (Ermawati, 2018).

The research would benefit the company, as it would improve policy development concerning collaboration at work. The thesis will also benefit the public because it would inform them on the effect of collaboration on corporate competitiveness. The article would also add to current awareness on cooperation in the organization. Welp, Johnson, Nguyen and Perry (2018) mentioned that the research is a valuable piece for new students who will want to use this study to carry out their extensive essay. The research covers an extensive Article on the effect on an organization’s effectiveness of coordination. The article examines the viewpoints of authority on the conception of collaboration in the workplace as well as primary influences affecting team efficiency and teamwork. The studies are restricted by limitations resulting from a lack of material on the topic, and by an insufficient length of time due to the author’s inability to incorporate lectures with this extensive article.


The path to development and prosperity is good cooperation in the industry. To be a successful team member, people have to work as a person and as an employee in a joint capacity. Teamwork is also crucial and necessary for achieving an organization’s overall goals. Working in a transparent and responsive collaboration atmosphere will produce results quickly, regardless of the sector. As stated by Soleimani, Dadashzade and Khani (2019), team activity, name it cooperation, entails active knowledge and suggestions collaboration, but from multiple points of view. Both team members can learn from one another, and learn about innovative forms of thinking about the facets and advantages of a project. Academic proof still exists that emotional reinforcement helps an individual to achieve his job objectives. Professor Krogh of Idaho University discusses this in his study paper: Emotional assistance is needed for emotions such as fear, concern or failure to sideline purposes of pursuit. A team is ready to provide emotional assistance since often collaborators function together either side by side or in continuous contact. In terms of how we should offer social comfort, it can be as easy as resisting excessive negative criticisms while describing our job. Emotional and psychological assistance, which may be a mutual influence, can also go beyond work. Sending a business card is a simple way to help others in the company quickly, and it gives employers a human aspect in workplace coaching. This emotional help concept contributes to a much greater understanding of organizational satisfaction and its advantages.

Logan and Michael Malone (2018) opined that teamwork is as ancient as the human race, and often organizations, including manufacturing, distribution, etc. use the word teamwork at one end of the other. As a team, a management team, a manufacturing team or a whole organization. There is growing agreement among academics around the world that organizations should get people to operate, but his excellent accomplishment is to accomplish defined targets by teams (teamwork). It is a well-known reality that cooperation is not just a basis for any good governance but also a way to improve corporate effectiveness overall. Description Teamwork to work as a community to attain the same priorities and targets for the benefit of service customers and organizations to provide good service efficiency (productivity). The cooperation of employees is considered a greater category than the jobs. The core of teamwork is the reduction of workload and dividing it into bits for everyone. Teamwork is a community of experts whose participants work intensively towards a shared objective, with their constructive synergy, collective responsibility and complementary abilities. Employees undergo several measures to achieve crucial actions and little meaningful is completed. The desire to work together towards a shared vision is teamwork. A fuel will achieve unusual effects for ordinary people.

Aims and objectives


The project aims to identify the importance of teamwork in an organization. Along with this, the project also aims to identify potential aspects of teamwork that help in the growth of an organization with esteem productivity.


The objective of the project is

  • To identify the impact of teamwork in an organization
  • To identify the challenges of teamwork in an organization
  • To analyze the importance of teamwork in an organization
  • To identify the way teamwork can be improved in an organization

Project questions

What is the impact of teamwork in an organization?

What are the challenges of teamwork in an organization?

What is the importance of teamwork in an organization?

How teamwork can be improved in an organization?

Literature Review

As commented by Kossaify, Hleihel and Lahoud (2017), for organizations, teamwork is critical, particularly in today’s digital environment. Studies suggest that organizations that focus on collaboration are innovating more rapidly, seeing failures quicker, finding better answers to challenges and increasing efficiency. The goal of enhancing collaboration is to improve effectiveness and results for the organization’s gain. Sales clerks flourish under fair rivalry, for example, but they close out more transactions and as they collaborate in a partnership, the company wins. The longer people interact together, the more they get to know one another and grow a love for each other. Teamwork creates good employee connections because Je more they cooperate, desirability, abilities and shortcomings are more often learnt and learned. Naturally, the team becomes collaboratively more as they stay together for a long period, leading to a more pleasant working experience for everyone (Lukusa, Geeling, Lusinga and Rivett, 2020). A good working experience increases morale, and lets companies easily achieve their objectives. Statistics demonstrate that workers working as a squad perform activities quicker and far more effectively than individuals do. Works as a team in various tasks reduce workloads by exchanging thoughts and roles with all workers. Employees, particularly sales clerks, are pressured to achieve their sales objectives on a shorter scale. Teamwork is vital because it allows the team to exchange thoughts and commitments to alleviate the workload on everyone, encouraging them to carry out assignments carefully and thoroughly. This allows them to achieve their revenue objectives easily.

Giudici and Filimonau (2019) commented that the degree of job knowledge, knowledge and capabilities of employees in an organization vary. Cooperation allows these staff to interact throughout a project. This interaction is a perfect chance to practice with new staff so they will learn knowledge that they have not had from the more seasoned staff. More seasoned workers may even obtain young employees with fresh creative concepts. Furthermore, our collaboration needs to be able to question our concepts and ways of doing things to find a convenient, efficient approach that lets workers achieve their jobs. This is a good solution. Individual employees are expected to have poor moral standards and less responsible. No individual wishes to abandon others with cooperation and therefore confidence is preserved. In addition, teamwork renders each employee responsible, particularly if they operate with well-known, liked, hard-working and accountable employees (Gharaveis, Hamilton, Pati and Shepley, 2018). Corporations may profit substantially from a team effort since the morale and reliability are improved since workers finish tasks on time. Encouraging an organization to strengthen its coordination is a brilliant concept. Organizations must promote cooperation for team activity to be successful. Communications may be successful if there is trust. It needs to be nourished. The open contact must take place in the team to build trust. The team credibility would be compromised if participants were not able to talk freely (Khademian and Tehrani Neshat, 2017).

Teamwork helps in achieving organizational goals collaboratively

Roy, Dan and Modak (2018) stated that teamwork lessons are vital for good communication. Efficient communication. Research shows that organizations, which focus that coordination in teamwork is more important than teams, complete tasks faster and efficiently. Effective collaboration helps team participants to study their tasks and understand them to prevent repetition. It also encourages team members to recognize the requirements and objectives of the project and to work on achieving the objectives. Teams who do not provide efficient coordination generally waste their time on meaningless activities and do little because they do not realize what needs to be accomplished. As argued by Gharaveis, Hamilton and Pati (2018), the team members do not also understand each other, which often leads to friction and confidence problems inside the organization. All these will build a toxic working atmosphere that will influence the success of the company. Teamwork in organizations, for example, results from eliminating the negative atmosphere at work. Drama, war, poor working morality, loss of coordination and the fear of the supervisor is characteristic of a topical working community. Moreover, rather than individuals, the company relies on policy.

Vogler, Thompson, Davis, Mayfield, Finley and Yasseri (2018) argued that an atmosphere of unsafe employment affects workers’ productivity and welfare. This prevents the company from achieving its corporate objectives. Organizations without coordination in all divisions also have less effectiveness and less development. As such, their efficiency gets tougher and, thus, they cannot achieve their long-term goals. Employees became disappointed and abandoned when they find out that they cannot carry out their duties. Concentration on collaboration means that workers can effectively fulfil their tasks in a friendly atmosphere that tends to reduce employee turnover. There is no ideal organization. This ensures that any company experiences tough and difficult times. The new Covid-19, for example, has affected companies, people and households. Team members may depend on one another for advice and encouragement through difficult periods like these. This encourages them to concentrate on the objectives of the company and to fulfil their tasks and duties successfully (Wai, Lam, Ng, Pang, Tsang, Lee and Wong, 2020).

Teamwork helps in developing leadership skills

Hamilton (2019) commented that many leaders believe that constructive cooperation in today’s volatile market world is more critical than ever. Indeed, the very longevity of a business will rely on how well it combines its people’s capacity with its data quality and the ability and readiness to express what is known to its coaches and departmentally, hierarchically and functionally. Judge (2017) opined that as companies transition to cooperative culture, executives change the incentive structure – rendering co-operative success part of the review mechanism and making those working successfully across corporate borders recognizable, prize-bonus and promotional. The way information is processed in each company decides if it is a barrier or enablement to collaborate. Transparent dialogue in companies is a critical method for undermining and promoting teamwork in the silo mindset. Staff in the enterprise of various networks provide additional benefit and promote cooperation. Leaders accelerate the exchange of ideas and information across borders by facilitating connections in the workplace and ensuring that resources for socialization are presented to all off-site retreats. A whole team based upon collective interests is the backbone of a good organization. Members of business units recognize and articulate the overall priorities of the total enterprise and emphasize the value of collaborating in other areas to accomplish critical targets. Creativity thrives on the “collective diversity” which combines powerful ideas from various perspectives, thought styles and expertise throughout the organization. As an enterprise relies on cooperation, leaders build functional teams to gain a wide variety of viewpoints. If the branch is a high-tech or medical sector, manufacturing or strategy consultancy because people want to experience the customer seamlessly, customized, or people are a profit-maker, federal agency or non-profit organization. Besides, the customer-centred operation works together seamlessly. In an atmosphere of self-confidence, cooperative partnerships flourish (Krueger, Ernstmeyer and Kirking, 2017). Trust is the assumption or confidence one party has in another party’s credibility, dignity and fairness. It is expected that one’s confidence would be honoured in someone else. Besides, the adhesive binds each party together. Confidence is the basis for genuine teamwork (Flores-Fillol, Iranzo and Mane, 2017).

Teamwork is essential for organizational growth

As per the viewpoint of Riebe, Girardi and Whitsed (2017), a highly efficient team will quickly generate ideas, better share workloads and develop a culture of empowerment, which results in better business results. As a US, industry manager Andrew Carnegie once said: “Teamwork is the fuel to achieve unusual outcomes for ordinary citizens.” A recent survey has nevertheless shown that 39 per cent of workers think that people do not cooperate often enough inside their organization. Even if it seems to be difficult in today’s ever more dispersed digital environment to solve, this trap can be avoided by creating teams that balance individual employee talents, expertise and desires while stressing the importance of teamwork, shared loyalty and confidence. Schmutz, Meier and Manser (2019) contradicted that when teams work well, workers will exchange their new thoughts as they experience a real sense of belonging. People feel appreciated, active and accomplished when contributing to the objectives of the organization. Team cooperation promotes the open sharing of information that can inspire creativity. Working together builds a connected working community where workload sharing can be achieved fast. The Nielsen study says that teamwork is a vital driver for successful innovation, out striking leadership as well as access to financial capital. A Gallup study showed that the welfare of employees is essential to employee satisfaction, based on issues such as appreciation, success and supporting employees.

The business will also benefit from a collaborative cultural workplace. Companies such as Uber, Facebook and Salesforce are using “solid business ethos for the negotiation of best and most skillful people,” says Forbes. If the staff takes their best talents and innovations to the table, great goods and services will be created for the consumers. Besides, the best for consumers is fine at the end (Wilson, Ho and Brookes, 2018). A survey by the Kenexa Research Institute showed that highly committed firms earn twice as much as their yearly profit for companies with lightly committed workers. Employees are more inclined to be inspired, optimistic and innovative in a cooperative working atmosphere. Boost team unity by promoting social events, festive lunches or simply by giving time to a charity. If people are relaxed with their team, they can listen more often, learn from each other, and engage in conversations that give them different insights.

Teamwork improves organizational culture

The motivation and innovations that come from this will help people, the team and the entire organization. According to Gallup, team participants are more imaginative and productive in collaborating on something that suits their talents and desires. To achieve the best standard, we consider individual talents, skills and availability. The team can decide for itself on the division of responsibilities instead of being assigned by the management. One survey by Salesforce showed that 86% of staff and managers cited poor interactions as an important cause of workplace disappointment. Booking the team calendar daily stand-ups or analysis conferences allow plans to be focused and offers suggestions and redirects. Shared objectives are linked to shared risk. Encourage the teams to assume computed hazards. It is better to take more chances if people join a help network – with everyone sharing business benefits. Empowerment is essential to cultivating an innovative, efficient and team-minded workforce. Reward citizens for their contribution and their collaboration. Let them feel that their thoughts and contributions are valued.

Team Trust towards Organizational Performance

Many scholars have defined trust as the point from which one’s truth is that of another individual and is determined to behave based on the terms, actions and decisions of those individuals or groups. They find that the confidence of the boss is linked closer to working variables, whereas confidence in management is far closer to operational variables as coaches perform a strategic position. In previous research, confidence was a valuable attribute in a team and the desire for dominance became irrelevant, as leaders trust their teammates. Confidence is of great use for the operation of a business. Corporate citizenship, employee performance, transparent access to the goals of the team, team performance and improved teamwork form a link between confidence and various workplaces. Moreover, the researcher feels that trust strengthens corporate relationships by increased group members’ willingness to cooperate. A recent study noticed that higher-confidence groups did not perform better than low-confidence groups, thereby showing that faith has an indirect impact on community process and results. Confidence may often be seen as part of teamwork, which demands a high degree of interdependence amongst participants and creates cohesion amongst team members in the context of collegial collaboration and engagement.

Teamwork boosts organizational performance

Leadership is better described as a method of social control. Each group in a company should have a coach who is not an obligatory boss, but a team leader expert. During difficult and dynamic tasks, the executives, administrators and team leaders have to negotiate with a vast variety of individuals, including donors, team partners, customers, vendors and heads of the internal organization. A successful supervisor needs to concentrate his staff on his mission and build good relationships with team members. Meanwhile, previous research has shown that the key results of leading action on team success are very poor given the external environment of the team. A leader will lose the opportunity to lead and deal efficiently with his team without respect from team members. Without respect when the boss and the teammates respectfully do what they need and can relate it can be simpler for them to do. Most important, senior workers are responsible for instructing new entrants to excel and make the company successful while having a clean conscience.

Moreover, listening is one ability any leader has to have because he understands that it is an intentional action and needs to be mastered. In another region, the team leader is directly responsible for encouraging the team members to work for their collective interests. To improve the team effort. He believes that good leaders who are capable of promoting care and trust value have high expectations, which will impair the productivity of organizations. This is critical because people can collaborate with staff of any age, colour, experience and level of education as a team leader. To maximize the initiative and concentrate its attention on the team’s objectives, a Team Leader can also guide team members. The leader can inspire and successfully guide individual team members.

Project Plan

A project schedule is a written framework intended to facilitate project supervision and implementation. A project plan is the most valuable document to develop before launching company projects and is essential for a successful project. The word “project plan” in IT applies to a Gantt chart or some other guide showing project tasks on a schedule. However, it is misleading to take these papers as a project schedule alone. These specific records can be called project plans, although only a portion of the project calendar may be regarded.

Cost: In manufacturing, testing, retail and accounting, costs are the number of resources used to manufacture or to supply a service, and are thus no longer usable for usage. The costs may be that of purchase in a company, in which case the money that is spent to buy it is considered an expense. In this scenario, the money is the input to obtain the item. The cost of acquisition may amount to the total amount of the output incurred by the original supplier and other purchase costs incurred by the acquirer more than the price charged by the manufacturer. The premium normally often involves a profit mark-up on manufacturing costs.

Scope: The scope of project management consists of the features and functions specified for a product or the work required to complete a project. Scope means obtaining the necessary knowledge to launch a project and the product needs to fulfil the needs of its stakeholders…

Time: Time management is the mechanism by which time spent on particular tasks is designed and controlled consciously, particularly to improve reliability, efficiency and productivity. It comprises an act of balancing different demands for an individual concerning employment, social life, families, hobbies, personal preferences and time-finitely obligations. Time essentially allows the person to “choose” with their own time and convenience for the expenditure or the management of activities.

Quality: Quality has a practical interpretation in industry, engineering and manufacturing as the non-inferiority or supremacy of something; it is often known as appropriate for what is expected and is capable of meeting consumer demands. Quality is a perceptive, conditional and arbitrary characteristic and various individuals will understand it. Consumers will concentrate on the product/service nature of the specifications and how they compare it to market rivals. Producers may calculate the level of conformance and the degree of proper production of the product/service. Support staff may assess the consistency of a commodity to the extent that it is safe, sustainable or secure.

Communication: At least one sender, a message, and a receiver are included with any correspondence. That might sound straightforward, but communication is a complicated matter. A wide variety of items can influence the propagation of the message from sender to receiver. Our feelings, cultural situation, the communication medium and our locations are part of this. The challenge is why employers around the world see strong communication skills as desirable: precise, efficient and unequivocal communication is often incredibly difficult.

Risk:  Risk involves potential confusion as to the difference between projected incomes and expected results. Risk tests the volatility that an investor is prepared to take to make an investment return. Risks of various sorts come from diverse scenarios. We have liquidity, sovereign liability, risk insurance, market risk, and failure risk and so on. Different threats stem from the insecurity resulting from different variables that affect an investment or a circumstance.

Resource: A supplier or supply is a source of gain that has some usefulness. Services can generally be categorized as available — sustainable and non-renewable resources. They often can be categorized as real and non-potential based on their stage of production and utilization, their origins and delivery are omnipresent and local.

Gantt chart

The Gantt chart is a bar graph providing perspective over time of the activities planned. Gantt charts are used for the planning of all sizes of tasks and are a convenient way to display what is planned for a particular day. It will even help people see the project start and finish dates in a single diagram. The vertical axis of a Gantt diagram indicates the mission to be done and the horizontal axis period. The bars, which reflect task durations, are populated as people input tasks, their starting dates, end dates and dependencies. You use a Gantt map planner like a Gantt chart programmer.

Activity 1 week 2 week 3 week 4 week 5 week 6 week 7 week 8 week
Identify topic                
Review of Literature                
Project plan                
Meeting with the team and team leader                
Give knowledge to the team                
Leadership and change management model                
Opportunities for research                


Leadership and change management model

Change Management Models are structures that embody a basic idea, a philosophy, a material met model and a strategy that enhances the adoption and acceptance of a desired new state to meet the objectives of transition change. Think about the models of change management as a guideline or compass in which to lead and turn. A company can choose or mix and match elements from one of ten top change management models. Each paradigm has a distinctive approach to change-building and corporate transitions. There are several types of change management and one can best suit a specific corporate structure.

Lewin’s Change Management Model

According to Galli (2018), Lewin’s Change Management Paradigm is one of the most common and influential methods of change management in the 1940s by a social scientist and physicist Kurt Lewin. Lewin was concerned with what influences or strengths influence a circumstance at any time—especially social circumstances. He wanted to identify the results of either preventing movement to an objective or pushing the movement to given freezing. He is regarded mostly as the creator of the administration of changes.


Unfreeze is a preparatory step that allows those impacted by the transformation to break down the existing state of affairs and embrace this impending shift. The key here is why the present condition is defective and cannot survive.


During this process, time simplicity and excellent communication are used for changing. Where the freezing stage can be stressful, the stage of the transition remains very stressful, yet with continuous contact and encouragement it goes on. Rumours are dissipated during this process, and anyone will act.


Finally, the transition initiated in the “Change” process must be refrigerated to be “stone-positioned.” These reforms are anchored to policies that do not vanish or lapse into old ways. Successes are celebrated and the promotion and cooperation begin.

ADKAR’s Model

Companies are thriving on transition. This is how they grow and innovate. To adapt to changes as they occur, an organization must be agile. Businesses should be adequately prepared to make the required improvements to prevent the possibility of stagnation. Employees do not respond in the same way and this may present grave challenges (Karambelkar and Bhattacharya, 2017). The People’s aspect is one of the most difficult aspects of any change management. As a company leader, people need a system for managing the transition to support the employees. One theory that companies should adopt is the ADKAR model. A bottom-up system focuses on the people.

Das (2019) commented that the ADKAR model is an easy method for changing the mechanism. Break it into the fundamental components, where each move marks a fruitful journey. ADKAR represents the good implementation of the five ideals of transformation. ADKAR Sensitivity, want, awareness, ability and strength. The strategy sets objectives for the management of changes, which improve the rate of performance. This convenient method brings the phase one stage at a time. The ADKAR improvement model has been shown to allow citizens to realize why changes are important to make them more competitive and effective. It is difficult to embrace and awkward, people may be reluctant to change out of their comfort zone.


Modifications can be hard to implement if people do not understand why. Sensitivity has to be communicated if both the people understand that the planned modifications have been made. Lack of knowledge raises workers’ chances of returning to old routines. To clarify the issue, have interactive conversations. Get employees’ views in different places for a more competitive operation. Make sure people consider the issues that may happen when these reforms are not implemented.


If people want improvement, people should predict minimum opposition. Support is simple if employees are just as involved. People should however not workers to feel such items instruct. The only thing people can do is encourage the wish. Give employees justification for success in the changing process.


How will workers contribute to the phase of change? The required change can only be achieved if employees have the correct skills, experiences, instruments and expertise. No matter how much people try to move to a new world until they know how they can do a great deal. Identify the information differences that need to be addressed. Training could be required in some cases. For instance, when new management software is incorporated.


Knowledge is not sufficient; citizens should be able to do so. You must understand the willingness of the staff to implement information. Take the time to figure out who should and exploit these skills. Identify strengths and shortcomings, followed by practice on them. This phase minimizes the danger in the course of transition.


Especially if the other fields are good, sustainable progress remains a huge obstacle to the whole process. People respond to change differently, which determines how long new behaviours take to stay. Strengthening involves communicating success so that workers can see what the improvements are.

McKinsey 7s Model

From the viewpoint of Razmi, Mehrvar and Hassani (2020), the model has been commonly used by scientists and practitioners since the launch. It continues to be among the most common strategic planning instruments. It aimed to emphasize personnel services (Soft S) as a gateway to improving organizational efficiency, rather than the usual concrete volumes of money, technology and facilities.

  • Strategy is a strategy formulated by a company to gain a sustainable strategic edge and to succeed effectively. A solid approach is usually well-articulated, long-term contributes to the strategic edge. It is strengthened by a powerful goal, purpose and principles (Bismark, Kofi, Fran and Eric, 2018).
  • The structure reflects the organization of corporate groups and departments and contains details on who is liable to whom. The arrangement is the organizational map of the company, in other terms. It is also one of the most obvious and easiest to modify the frame components.
  • Systems are the organization systems and protocols that demonstrate the everyday operations of the organization and how choices are taken. Systems are the field on which the company decides how business is carried out and managers can concentrate during operational changes.
  • Knowledge is the skills that workers of the company perform well. It also includes skills and skills. The dilemma also occurs through internal transition as to what capabilities the enterprise needs to strengthen its current plan or framework.
  • Style is the way that top-level management runs the organization, the way they communicate, the activities they take and their symbolic meaning. It is also the management style of the representatives of the group.
  • The heart of the McKinsey 7s model has shared values. They are principles that govern the behaviour of employees and activities of the business and are the basis of every organization.


Collective activity in any group or entity is generally regarded as a constructive influence for effective cooperation. Teams allow individuals to inspire themselves and increase the advantages of collaborative work. Along with others will also help us to realize more the value of collaboration, how organizations function and foster the culture of team performance. Employers often discuss the necessity for workers who will collaborate as a squad, and (employees) usually speak about synergy as they wish to highlight the need for various skills with multiple employees. However, the companies coordinate the staff into separate units such as executive team, manufacturing team, etc (Hu and Wick, 2019). The organization is a social unit of persons that is organized and able to fulfil a desire to achieve group objectives or association consistently. Each organization has three components: individuals, objectives and the system. The purpose is usually conveyed as objectives. An organization has a hierarchy and a systematic definition of its representatives and many members are managers. The organization is a collective organization whose purpose is an intentionally organized, preamble activity scheme. Productivity is the pace of production and the sum of products generated by an employer, business or nation relative to how much effort, work and resources they need to manufacture them (Hu and Wick, 2019).

The way teams being using is shifting, including the evolving technologies together to create innovative forms of doing business. The advantage that can be gained by this transition is not altered together with the fundamental concept for team forming. In team distance working, the barrier is not so significant, and emerging technologies and ways of communicating enable people to function as a team while being distributed widely with various places in the same country, or different places all over the world. Some firms will function to advance a project almost 24 hours a day, six days a week, because of differences in time zones and they use maximal time (Tripathy, 2018). As individuals in business are practically seen, this regional differentiate and the time zone disparity in the benefits of companies is being seen in such a manner as to profit from the agreement for example by a business office in Australia, or in the UK with a site in other nations. A typical example of this is that virtual teams become more common over time and members of teams seldom see each other but work together through vacillating networks through the mobile, the Internet methods and, of course, the email. All organizations already know how beneficial it is for them to operate in teams and how important the team is to manage a company and perform a mission most efficaciously. The former supervisor’s work description is still used as team chief.

Opportunity for research

One of the advantages of project managing is that it encourages workplace team building. The right individual is vital to the whole team to do the right job in line with their personalities and education. It is easier to prevent deficiencies in team skills and teamwork as workers complement each other (Başoğul, 2020). The team manager will effectively assign tasks to team members for greater productivity by leveraging the particular capabilities of each staff member. This results in the early execution of the project and consumer loyalty. Often, increasing work success and corporate efficiency demonstrate the value of team management. A brain cannot produce the same outcomes that a good team would achieve. Time and standard of both. With specific responsibilities and results for each employee, they are willing to concentrate more on their assignments. This is particularly true since certain tasks are directly linked to their expertise and interest levels (Southwick and Southwick, 2020). Working in teams is an innovative way to maximize the quality of the Participant. In addition, good cooperation makes it possible for participants to collaborate when they require assistance. Thus, the majority of the staff goes in and saves the day, even though people slip behind on schedules.



Reference List

Başoğul, C., 2020. Conflict management and teamwork in the workplace from the perspective of nurses. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.

Bismark, O., Kofi, O.A., Frank, A.G. and Eric, H., 2018. Utilizing Mckinsey 7s model, SWOT analysis, PESTLE and Balanced Scorecard to foster the efficient implementation of organizational strategy. Evidence from the community hospital group-Ghana Limited. International Journal of Research in Business, Economics and Management, 2(3), pp.94-113.

Das, V., 2019. Comparative study of Kotter’s and Hiatt’s (ADKAR) change models. Journal of Leadership and Management, 1(15).

Ermawati, M.N.O.P.E., 2018. The Importance of Teamwork on Business Restaurant in Medicating Effect of Work Discipline on Employee Performance.

Flores-Fillol, R., Iranzo, S. and Mane, F., 2017. Teamwork and delegation of decisions within the firm. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 52, pp.1-29.

Galli, B.J., 2018. Change management models: A comparative analysis and concerns. IEEE Engineering Management Review, 46(3), pp.124-132.

Gharaveis, A., Hamilton, D.K. and Pati, D., 2018. The impact of environmental design on teamwork and communication in healthcare facilities: a systematic literature review. HERD: Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 11(1), pp.119-137.

Graves, A., Hamilton, D.K., Pati, D. and Shepley, M., 2018. The impact of visibility on teamwork, collaborative communication, and security in emergency departments: An exploratory study. HERD: Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 11(4), pp.37-49.

Giudici, M. and Filimonau, V., 2019. Exploring the linkages between managerial leadership, communication and teamwork in successful event delivery. Tourism Management Perspectives, 32, p.100558.

Halldorsson, V., Thorlindsson, T. and Katovich, M.A., 2017. Teamwork in sport: A sociological analysis. Sport in Society, 20(9), pp.1281-1296.

Hamilton, N., 2019. Fostering and Assessing Law Student Teamwork and Team Leadership Skills. Hofstra L. Rev., 48, p.619.

Hu, Q.L. and Wick, E., 2019. Creating Effective Communication and Teamwork for Patient Safety. In Quality in Obesity Treatment (pp. 301-307). Springer, Cham.

Judge, K., 2017. Teamwork can change everything. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 40(2), p.90.

Karambelkar, M. and Bhattacharya, S., 2017. Onboarding is a change: applying change management model ADKAR to onboarding. Human resource management international digest.

Khademian, Z. and Tehrani Neshat, B., 2017. The relationship between interpersonal communication skills and nursing students’ attitudes toward teamwork. Sadra Medical Journal, 5(2), pp.99-110.

Kossaify, A., Hleihel, W. and Lahoud, J.C., 2017. Team-based efforts to improve quality of care, the fundamental role of ethics, and the responsibility of health managers: monitoring and management strategies to enhance teamwork. Public health, 153, pp.91-98.

Krueger, L., Ernstmeyer, K. and Kirking, E., 2017. Impact of interprofessional simulation on nursing students’ attitudes toward teamwork and collaboration. Journal of Nursing Education, 56(6), pp.321-327.

Logan, T.R. and Michael Malone, D., 2018. Nurses’ perceptions of teamwork and workplace bullying. Journal of nursing management, 26(4), pp.411-419.

Long, J., Rajabzadeh, A.R. and MacKenzie, A., 2017. Teaching teamwork to engineer technology students: The importance of self-reflection and acknowledging diversity in teams. Proceedings of the Canadian Engineering Education Association (CEEA).

Lukusa, L., Keeling, S., Lusinga, S. and Rivett, U., 2020, October. Teamwork and Project Success in Agile Software Development Methods: A Case Study in Higher Education. In Eighth International Conference on Technological Ecosystems for Enhancing Multiculturality (pp. 885-891).

Nowaskie, D., Carvell, C.A., Alder, C.A., LaMantia, M.A., Gao, S., Brown, S., Boustani, M.A. and Austrom, M.G., 2020. Care coordinator assistants: Job satisfaction and the importance of teamwork in delivering person-centred dementia care. Dementia, 19(5), pp.1560-1572.

Ogbonnaya, C., Tillman, C.J. and Gonzalez, K., 2018. Perceived organizational support in health care: The importance of teamwork and training for employee well-being and patient satisfaction. Group & Organization Management, 43(3), pp.475-503.

Razmi, J., Mehrvar, M. and Hassani, A., 2020. An Assessment Model of McKinsey 7S Model-Based Framework for Knowledge Management Maturity in Agility Promotion. Journal of Information & Knowledge Management, p.2050036.

Riebe, L., Girardi, A. and Whitsed, C., 2017. Teaching teamwork in Australian university business disciplines: Evidence from a systematic literature review. Issues in Educational Research, 27(1), pp.134-150.

Roy, S., Dan, P. and Modak, N., 2018. Effect of teamwork culture on NPD team’s capability in Indian engineering manufacturing sector. Management Science Letters, 8(7), pp.767-784.

Sanyal, S. and Hisam, M.W., 2018. The impact of teamwork on work performance of employees: A study of faculty members in Dhofar University. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 20(3), pp.15-22.

Schmutz, J.B., Meier, L.L. and Manser, T., 2019. How effective is teamwork? The relationship between teamwork and performance in healthcare teams: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 9(9), p.e028280.

Soleimani, M., Dadashzade, A. and Khani, J., 2019. The need to pay attention to teamwork in a pre-hospital emergency. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 11(4 Suppl 2).

Southwick, S.M. and Southwick, F.S., 2020. The loss of social connectedness as a major contributor to physician burnout: applying organizational and teamwork principles for prevention and recovery. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(5), pp.449-450.

TAYLOR, E.C. and LA JEFFERY, S.T.E.V.E.N., 2017. The importance of teamwork and leadership in the management of patients in burns centres.

Tripathy, M., 2018. Building quality teamwork to achieve excellence in business organizations. International research journal of management, IT and social sciences, 5(3), pp.1-7.

Vogler, J.S., Thompson, P., Davis, D.W., Mayfield, B.E., Finley, P.M. and Yasseri, D., 2018. The hard work of soft skills: augmenting the project-based learning experience with interdisciplinary teamwork. Instructional Science, 46(3), pp.457-488.

Wai, A.K., Lam, V.S., Ng, Z.L., Pang, M.T., Tsang, V.W., Lee, J.J. and Wong, J.Y., 2020. Exploring the role of simulation to foster interprofessional teamwork among medical and nursing students: A mixed-method pilot investigation in Hong Kong. Journal of Interprofessional Care, pp.1-9.

Welp, A., Johnson, A., Nguyen, H. and Perry, L., 2018. The importance of reflecting on practice: How personal professional development activities affect perceived teamwork and performance. Journal of clinical nursing, 27(21-22), pp.3988-3999.

Wilson, L., Ho, S. and Brookes, R.H., 2018. Student perceptions of teamwork within assessment tasks in undergraduate science degrees. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 43(5), pp.786-799.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]