Sleep Disorders among Patients in Hospital
Background and Significance of the Problem
Sleep and its need is a fundamental universal facet since it restores the body and mind among individuals. Thus, all persons, whether well or ill, need enough sleeping periods. The majority of the adults have reported getting less than seven hours of sleep in 24 hours in the United States (Luca et al., 2016). Sleep disorders can be broadly categorized into parasomnias, medical-psychiatric and dyssomnias sleep disorders. CDC – Data and Statistics – Sleep and Sleep Disorders (2020) states that less or no sleeps at all can negatively impact energy, concentration, mood and general health. Most patients encounter sleep disruptions and diminished sleep quality during hospitalization. Research denotes that persons with a condition or body injuries have a significant need for sleep. Adults suffering from psychiatric disorders usually take medications of drugs such as stimulants and anti-seizure medicines that have a side effect of sleepwalking (Smith et al., 2019). On the flip side, hospitalization has proved essential in acquiring adequate sleep, and severely ill patients are prone to sleep disruptions due to frequent awakening scenes linked with nursing procedures.
Despite the importance of adequate sleep, their sleep needs and behavioural perceptions are seldom contemplated while planning for care. Sleep disruptions are significantly under-investigated among patients in the United States of America. Even though sleep disorder is prevalent among old hospitalized patients in the USA, little has been documented. Besides, although the majority of residing doctors in California considered sleep disorders a significant health challenge, very few of them frequently questioned their patients concerning sleep-associated challenges (Siriwardena et al., 2018). The metrics might be low among nurses, but nursing interventions influence the sleep patterns of hospitalized patients. Furthermore, nurses generally tend to present the sleeping state of the patient’s as “patient slept well” in the patient record books. However, such comments are indirectly proportional to acceptable quality and quantity sleep assessments.
Purpose of the Study
This research aimed at establishing the pattern, quality, and quantity of sleep and prevalence, causes, and impacts of sleep deprivation among the elderly hospitalized patients across California in the United States of America. Nursing implications were as well determined. The research findings would inform nursing interventions to enhance sleep and minimize sleep disruptions elderly among patients.
The researcher assumes the following during the research:
In this study’s hypotheses, it is anticipated that 95% of patients across California in the USA experienced sleep disorders. It also anticipates that 95% of nurses always considered “the patient slept well” in the patient record book.
Independent Variable # 1: Hospital patients- Patients visiting hospital facilities suffering from various illnesses.
Dependent Variable # 2: Nursing implications- A general assessment of the sleep patterns of the in-patients as recorded in the patient record books.
Dependent Variable # 3: Sleep disorder- medical conditions that disrupt the standard sleeping patterns of a person. Sleep disturbances entail alterations to the amount, quality, and constancy of sleep from various prehospitalization features.
CDC – Data and Statistics – Sleep and Sleep Disorders. (2021). Retrieved 12 May 2021, from https://www.cdc.gov/sleep/data_statistics.html
Luca, G., Haba Rubio, J., Andries, D., Tobback, N., Vollenweider, P., Waeber, G., Marques Vidal, P., Preisig, M., Heinzer, R., & Tafti, M. (2016). Age and gender variations of sleep in subjects without sleep disorders. Annals of Medicine, 47(6), 482-491. https://doi.org/10.3109/07853890.2015.1074271
Siriwardena, A. N., Qureshi, M. Z., Dyas, J. V., Middleton, H., & Orner, R. (2018). Magic bullets for insomnia? Patients’ use and experiences of newer (Z drugs) versus older (benzodiazepine) hypnotics for sleep problems in primary care. British Journal of General Practice, 58(551), 417-422. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp08x299290
Smith, M. T., McCrae, C. S., Cheung, J., Martin, J. L., Harrod, C. G., Heald, J. L., & Carden, K. A. (2019). 0328 use of Actigraphy for the evaluation of sleep disorders and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine clinical practice guideline. Sleep, 42(Supplement_1), A134-A135. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsz067.327
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